Kerchner's DNA Testing & Genetic Genealogy Info and Resources Page


[BB] Download free copy of my Genetics & Genealogy - An Introduction - a Genetic Genealogy 101 report.
[BB] Read and review online my Genetic Genealogy Glossary of Genetic Genealogy terms and definitions.
[BB] Check out new Genetic Genealogy DNA Testing Dictionary. Put help with the terminology at your fingertips.
[BB] Visit my pioneering Kerchner's Genetic Genealogy Y-DNA Surname Project.
[BB] Read some Success Stories from my personal Kerchner surname Y-DNA project.
[BB] Order some Recommended Books to learn more about DNA, DNA testing, and Genetic Genealogy.
[BB] New to genealogy hobby. See my Genealogy Tips & Tricks page to learn about beginning and organizing a Genealogy Project.
[BB] Learn more about DNA tests from FamilyTreeDNA.com and how to order a DNA test kit.
[BB] Need more personalized and in-depth help. Contact GenealogyByDNA.com.
[BB] Help support this DNA testing info and resources page. Check out the DNA Haplogroup Pins.
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Genetic Genealogy Information Website Links

Genetics Basics, Terms, Papers, and Tools
A Simple Chart Showing Y-DNA (male line) and mtDNA (female line) Inheritance Lines From a Common Ancestor
A Basic Chart Showing from Whom You Inherit Your Y-DNA and mtDNA in a Pedigree Chart Format
DNA Interactive - an Interactive Basics of DNA Informational and Educational Site
DNA From The Beginning
Why Y? (An article about why the Y chromosome is special)
In the Name of the Father: Surnames and Genetics
NIST's Y-STR Online Database. Info on Y-STR Genetic Markers
Meiosis Process-Gender Cell Creation and How Inherited Traits Are Randomly Determined by Nancy Custer
NIH's Genetics Home Reference Handbook
Inheriting Eye Color and an Eye Color Calculator
Genetics and Genealogy Information Page
Kerchner's Genetic Genealogy Glossary
NHGRI's Glossary of Genetics Terms
A Hypermedia Glossary of Genetic Terms
Time to Most Recent Common Ancestry (TMRCA) Calculations, Models, & Charts by Bruce Walsh
Genetic Distance (GD) Calculations by Bruce Walsh
Time to Most Recent Common Ancestor (TMRCA) Calculator by Doug McDonald
An Overview and Discussion of Various DNA Mutation Rates by Charles F. Kerchner, Jr.
Modal Haplotype May Not be the Ancestral/Original Haplotype. See Example Why. You Must Use Triangulation Method Instead.
Diagrammatic Example for counting Unique Transmission Events (UTEs) from Most Recent Common Ancestor (MRCA) in a Surname Project.
Download My Free Introduction to Genetics & Genealogy Report
Kerchner's List of Recommended Books to Read To Learn More About DNA and DNA Testing
What is a Henry Number?

Y-DNA Surname Project Examples, DNA Projects of Interest, and Other Sundry Sites
Kerchner Surname Project
Mumma Surname DNA Project
Duerinck Surname DNA Project
Roper Surname Genetics Project
Graves Surname DNA Study
List of Some Pioneering Early Surname Projects - Genetic Genealogy: The Past and the Future - Facts & Genes Newsletter Issue 2.5
World Families Network by Richard and Terry Barton - Comprehensive List of Surname Projects and More
DNA Genealogy (Genetic Genealogy) Historical Timeline by Georgia Bopp
DNA and Other Links Between Thomas Jefferson and Sally Hemings
Gene Test Helps Scientist Trace Family Name
Colonial USA Deutsch Project
PA Deutsch (aka PA Dutch) Ethnic Group DNA Project
PA Deutsch 18th Century Name Customs, Traditions, Spellings, Nicknames
Human Genome Project
Molecular Genealogy Reseach Project (MGRP) - a DNA Database Project
National Geographic Society Genographic Project - a Worldwide DNA Database & Human Migrations Project
Andrew Bond's Library of Available Research Articles
How the DNA test is done. See how easy it is. No needles or blood required. See Dave Dorsey's Humorous Photo Journal.
Haplogroup vs. Haplotype: What is the difference?
Some Y-DNA Haplogroup Descriptions
Y-DNA Haplogroup Predictor by Whit Athey
Y-DNA World Haplogroup and Haplogroup-I Sub-Clades Predictor by Jim Cullen and Ken Nordtvedt
Atlantic Modal Haplotype (AMH). Defined by Jim Wilson
Western Atlantic Modal Haplotype (WAMH)
Super Western Atlantic Modal Haplotype (SWAMH). Defined by Whit Athey
DNA Rainbow - A New View of Human Chromosomes

Interpreting and Understanding Your Y-DNA Test Results Help Pages
Interpreting Genetic Distance and Likelihood of a Relationship with 12 Marker Y-STR Test
Interpreting Genetic Distance and Likelihood of a Relationship with 25 Marker Y-STR Test
Interpreting Genetic Distance and Likelihood of a Relationship with 37 Marker Y-STR Test
Interpreting Genetic Distance and Likelihood of a Relationship with 67 Marker Y-STR Test
Interpreting Genetic Distance and Likelihood of a Relationship with 111 Marker Y-STR Test
Zip+Four Analogy of Why to Upgrade to 37 Markers by Charles Kerchner
Haplogroup vs. Haplotype: What is the difference?
Some Y-DNA Haplogroup Descriptions
Origins, age, spread and ethnic association of European haplogroups and subclades - with map
An Overview and Discussion of Various DNA Mutation Rates by Charles F. Kerchner, Jr.
Iain Kennedy's YDNA Mutation Simulation Program
How Related is "Related" Table by Vincent Vizachero
Search the Ysearch.org YDNA Database
Leo Little's Tool for easier Searching of the SMGF Database

Y-DNA DYS YSTR Marker Nomenclature Differences and Marker Info Pages.
Comparing and Merging YSTR Marker Results from Different Labs, YSTR Allele Frequency in Various Haplogroups, and more.
Kerchner's LabMerge Project Yields 88 Y-STR Marker Haplotype Using 11 Labs and Orgs. Learn Which Labs Test Which DYS Markers.
DYS389-I and DYS389II Two Part Marker Nomenclature Differences Explanation by FamilyTreeDNA.
DYS389-I and DYS389-II Two Part Marker Nomenclature Differences Explanation by Sorenson Molecular Genealogy Foundation.
DYS464a,b,c,d Multi-copy Marker Explanation Compiled by Rachel Rein.
DYS385a,b = 11,17 Research Study by Glenn Allen Nolen. A County Donegal, Ulster, Ireland, Haplotype.
Marker Nomenclature Conversion Page at Ysearch.org Public Database.
YSTR Marker Nomenclature Conversion Page at SMGF.org - a Semi-Public Database.
YSTR Marker Details, Allele Frequency Distributions, and Other Information Page at SMGF.org - a Semi-Public Database.
Dean McGee's Y-DNA Comparison Utilities
YSTR Allele Frequencies by Haplogroup Table compiled by Leo Little

Y-SNP AnthroGenealogy Projects and Information Pages
YSNP Names and Information Table and Searchable Database
Haplogroup vs. Haplotype: What is the difference?
Some Y-DNA Haplogroup Descriptions
DNA-ANTHROGENEALOGY Group - Anthrogenealogy Beginners Help Site .. Discover Ancient Ancestry Hidden in Your Genome.

mtDNA Projects and Information Pages
A Simple Chart Showing mtDNA (female line) Inheritance Lines From a Common Ancestor
Understanding Your Results: mtDNA Haplogroups - Facts & Genes Newsletter Issue 3.1
Some mtDNA Haplogroup Descriptions and Information Links
Interpreting and Understanding Your mtDNA Test Results
Understanding Your Results: mtDNA - Facts & Genes Newsletter Issue 4.2
Understanding Your Results: mtDNA Matches - Facts & Genes Newsletter Issue 3.2
Lavoie & LaRochelle mtDNA Project - by Doug Miller
Rundquist mtDNA Project - Finding Anne Marie - by Marie Rundquist
Kelly Sisters mtDNA Project - by William Hurst
Nims mtDNA Project - by Ann Turner
Ian Logan's mtDNA page and tools. Site includes: mtDNA Mutation Computer Model
Ian Logan's help page for submitting mtDNA Full Sequence Test (FST) results to GenBank, a public database
Human Mitochondrial DNA (direct maternal line DNA) Revised Cambridge Reference Sequence
mtDNA: Cambridge Reference Sequence (CRS) - Facts & Genes Newsletter Issue 4.4
Mitochondrial DNA Concordance. For Direct Maternal Line.
Mitochondria DNA (mtDNA) Maternal Line Test Results Log. For Direct Maternal Line.

Interpreting and Understanding Your mtDNA Test Results Help Pages
Interpreting and Understanding Your mtDNA Test Results
Estimated Time to Most Recent Common Ancestor (TMRCA) for Low Resolution HVR1 Matches and High Resolution HVR1+HVR2 Matches
Using Doug McDonald's TMRCA Calculator for MtDNA Test Results
mtDNA: Cambridge Reference Sequence (CRS) - Facts & Genes Newsletter Issue 4.4
Understanding Your Results: mtDNA - Facts & Genes Newsletter Issue 2.8
Understanding Your Results: mtDNA - Facts & Genes Newsletter Issue 4.2
Understanding Your Results: mtDNA Matches - Facts & Genes Newsletter Issue 3.2
Understanding Your Results: mtDNA Haplogroups - Facts & Genes Newsletter Issue 3.1
Some mtDNA Haplogroup Descriptions and Information Links

atDNA Projects and Information Pages
atDNA Inheritance Charts & Examples by Angela Cone

Testing Companies and Organizations
FamilyTreeDNA.com - Genealogy by Genetics DNA Testing Company - USA
Igenea.com - Genetic Genealogy Testing Company - Europe
DNA-FingerPrint.com -Genealogy by Genetics DNA Testing Company - Germany
OxfordAncestors.com - Genealogy by Genetics DNA Testing Company - England
AfricanAncestry.com - Genealogy by Genetics DNA Testing Company - USA
EthnoAncestry.com - Deep Ancestry (SNPs) DNA Testing Company
Sorenson Molecular Genealogy Foundation Project
AncientDNA.com. Specialists in Extracting DNA from Ancient Sources
AncestryByDNA (formerly by DNAPrint) Autosomal DNA (atDNA) SNP Pairs Testing to Assay and Determine Ethnic Heritage among Four Population Groups
Y-DNA Testing Company STR Marker Comparison Chart. Which company tests which markers?

DNA Test Results Databases and Logs
YSearch: Searchable Global Y-DNA Database Sponsored by FamilyTreeDNA.com. For Direct Paternal Line.
YMatch: Searchable Global Y-DNA Database Sponsored by DNA-FingerPrint.com. For Direct Paternal Line.
YHRD: Y Chromosome Haplotype Reference Database. Primarily European Data. For Direct Paternal Line.
YFiler Haplotype Database by AppliedBioSystems.com. A Forensic Database. Estimates Y Chromosome Population Group Affiliation.
Sorenson Molecular Genealogy Foundation MGRP Database. For Direct Paternal Line.
Mitochondria DNA (mtDNA) Maternal Line Test Results Log. For Direct Maternal Line.
MitoSearch: Searchable Global mtDNA Database Sponsored by FamilyTreeDNA.com. For Direct Maternal Line.
DNAPrint BioGeographical Ancestry DNA (BGA) Test Results Log. Assays autosomal chromosomes. For all lines.
Surname Projects Y-STR Mutation Rate Log. For Surname Project Administrators Studying a Paternal Line.

Genetic Genealogy Mail Lists & Organizations
ISOGG - International Society of Genetic Genealogy. Help for Experienced and Beginner. Forums for Project Admins & Newbies.
DNA-NEWBIE Group - Genetic Genealogy DNA Testing Beginners Help Site.
DNA-ANTHROGENEALOGY Group - Anthrogenealogy Beginners Help Site .. Discover Ancient Ancestry Hidden in Your Genome.
The Genealogy-DNA Mail List at Rootsweb.com.

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Have you already been DNA tested? Do your already know your direct paternal line Y-DNA Haplogroup and/or direct maternal line mtDNA Haplogroup and your deep Genetic Genealogy ancestry and anthropology? If so, have your Y-DNA and/or mtDNA test certificate to proudly show the world your Genetic Genealogy identity. Now you can order a DNA Haplogroup Lapel Pin. The pins can be a very special and unique gift to those who share your Y-DNA paternal line or mtDNA maternal line. Your order will help support this Genetic Genealogy information webpage. Click here for more information. Thank you.




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Copyright ©2003-2013
Charles F. Kerchner, Jr.
GGP (Genetic Genealogy Pioneer)
All Rights Reserved
Created - 07 Aug 2003
Revised - 20 Oct 2013