Kerchner's

Y-STR Haplotype Observed Mutation Rates
in Surname Projects Study and Log

Launched: 7 Jan 2005
Last Updated: 14 Aug 2016

See who has the Deepest Y Line Ancestry Chart proven
by both Traditional Paper Trail Research and Genetic Genealogy Y-DNA Evidence
Pre-1492: McDonald c1324. Pre-1600: Blackstone c1500, Mumma c1505,
Bradt c1580, Waite c1580, Beal c1588, and Blanchard c1590.

Whether 150 years deep or 500+ years deep, please share your genetic genealogy project results with us.

A project to expand our knowledge and available data about YSTR mutation rates.

Are Y-STR Haplotype Average Mutation Rates Male Line Specific?
Project Announcement and Hypothesis Overview and Discussion of DNA Mutation Rates

View Histograms of YSTR37 (37 Marker) Haplotype Mutation Rates - All Entries and by Haplogroup

Note: See the interesting and statistically significant difference between the observed average mutation rate and
the distribution patterns of the observed average mutation rates for the I1 haplogroup vs. the R1a haplogroup
and the R1a and I1 haplogroups vs. the R1b haplogroup in the above and below linked histograms page.


Observed YSTR Average Mutation Rates by Haplogroup
with Standard Deviation
and Marker Mutation Opportunities (MMOs)
See HISTOGRAMS for more details.
Per Data Date of: 15 Jun 2008.
------------------------------------------------
I1: 0.0030 +-0.0005 (10,027)
R1b: 0.0043 +-0.0003 (44,585)
J2: 0.0042 +-0.0009 ( 4,551)
G2: 0.0048 +-0.0008 ( 7,104)
R1a: 0.0077 +-0.0008 ( 8,954)

Observed Average Mutation Rates
by FTDNA YSTR Panels and Haplotypes

with Standard Deviation
and Marker Mutation Opportunities (MMO)
Data Date: 31 Dec 2009 (55 Surname Projects)
--------------------------------------------
12(1-12) panel 0.0025 +- 0.0003 (28,728)
13(13-25) panel 0.0030 +- 0.0003 (30,641)
12(26-37) panel 0.0071 +- 0.0005 (27,324)
30(38-67) panel 0.0017 +- 0.0004 ( 8,640)
12(1-12) haplo 0.0025 +- 0.0003 (28,728)
25(1-25) haplo 0.0028 +- 0.0002 (58,925)
37(1-37) haplo 0.0042 +- 0.0002 (84,249)
67(1-67) haplo 0.0031 +- 0.0004 (19,296)


View Excel Spreadsheet Summary of Log Entries
and the Observed YSTR Haplotype Panel Average Mutation Rate Min-Max Ranges and More Details



Other sources in the genetic genealogy field for mutation rates:
Historical average rate quoted back in 2001: 0.002
Panel Mutation Rates announced on 30 Oct 2004 at 1st International
Conference of Genetic Genealogy hosted by FamilyTreeDNA.com.
12(1-12): 0.00399, 13(13-25): 0.00481; 12(26-37) 0.00748
Mutation rates mathematically estimated by John Chandler
using Ysearch.org data in the Fall 2006 issue of www.jogg.info.
12(1-12): 0.00187+-0.00028, 13(13-25): 0.00278+-0.00042; 12(26-37) 0.00492+-0.00074

Attention Surname Project Administrators! Your help is needed. Please help increase our knowledge of Y-STR haplotype mutation rates. Post your surname project's observed mutation rate data and share your project success stories in the comments field. Posting here will increase your project visibility and help find new distant cousins willing to join. Some male line haplotypes seem to mutate significantly faster than others. Share what you have observed in your genetic genealogy project in regards to the observed YSTR average haplotype mutation rate for your surname. Likewise observed average mutation rates have been shown in this project to differ in a statistical relevant amount from one haplogroup to another. See the Histograms for more details. Contribute your project's data to this Log. See the Project Summary PDF File to see which surnames have the fastest observed mutation rates and which have significantly lower observed mutation rates and which are average. Thank you.

Submitting an entry from your surname project is not hard to do. It is simple genealogy, arithmetic, and a bit of logic. However, if you do not wish to do the detailed submission data entry form yourself following the protocol and instructions outlined below, simply send me the two things listed below as an email file attachment and I will do the input form for you.
1. Text or Word file showing the genealogical Descent Tree from the direct male line Mmost Recent Common Ancestor (MRCA) for the group of related males tested, per this example: Descent Tree/Report - Text Outline Format.
2. Cut and paste and prune an Excel data table from your FTDNA surname project for the cluster/sub-group of related males tested with allele data rows sorted in the descent tree birth order of descent tree outline chart described in item 1 just above, per this Excel table example: Cut and pasted related cluster from downloaded Excel spreadsheet from classic table in your Group Admin Page.


Add your Surname Project Observed Y-STR Mutation Rate Data to the Log Database.
Submission Protocol Details: Read Below the Four Simple Requirements and Information Needed to Join This Project.
Please Print Out and Review Off Line if Necessary.


1. FIRST, and very IMPORTANT to this project. Via traditional genealogy research you must know that the males submitted to this log are related to a common direct male line ancestor and how they are related to that ancestor.
It is assumed that a person submitting data to this log is a hobby genealogist or has some genealogical experience from doing prior genealogy or family history research. You must know the Most Recent Common Ancestor (MRCA) from traditional paper trail research. You should be able to provide the lineage information for each person tested to the Most Recent Common Ancestory (MRCA) for the related group. You should be able provide the lineage information from the males tested to the MRCA.
Here are some example formats to send me the lineage information:
a. Descent Tree/Report from Genealogy Software - Text or RTF file printed in Outline style
b. Descent Tree/Chart - Hand Drawn Block Diagram or Block Diagram Drawn using Excel or other Software
c. Descent Tree from the MRCA Prepared with Word Processor
A "pruned" rich text file (.RTF) or simple text file (.TXT) typed by hand similar to the Outline style shown in "a." above.
You could also provide the information as a modified register report in RTF format which shows the relationship from the MRCA for all the direct male line descendant lines to participants in the surname project who are part of the genealogically related cluster of males' data being submitted to this log. Keep the report clean and simple. Only show lines to people tested and known to be related to the MRCA by traditional evidence and verified by the YDNA tests. Do not show spouses in the above type reports. Do not show lines from the daughters of the MRCA and or daughters in subsequent branches. Only males have Y-DNA. Only show the direct male lines on the descent tree. For living people use their kit number in the block for the individual tested or the term father of kit number ____, if applicable, for making this simple genealogical relationship descent tree. The tree chart does not have to be neat or fancy. If you do not have a genealogy computer program to help you do this, the report or chart can be hand drawn and/or scanned into a standard JPG or GIF graphics file and emailed to me or surface mailed to me by postal mail. Some people have provided this direct male line descent tree from the MRCA down to each related cluster member tested in GEDCOM file format. If you wish to use that method, that is fine too. But if you send a GEDCOM, please do trim out all the superfluous female descent lines and non-relevant siblings of the males in the direct male lines. With most GEDCOM utilities and options the spouses need to be included to generate the GEDCOM. That is OK. I can trim them out when I get the GEDCOM. But only the direct male line descendants from the MRCA and their links to the MRCA should be in the GEDCOM file submitted to me. Do not include male lines not tested or the lines of daughters, etc.

2. SECOND, the Genetic Genealogy data must confirm and not disprove the relationships you know from traditional research.
Your project's genetic genealogy Y-DNA testing data must be reinforcing the traditional research evidence. In general as a rule of thumb that would mean that at least 90% of the YSTR markers allele values match exactly in the marker set tested and/or that the Genetic Distances calculated between the various related participants in your project or cluster of males's data is roughly 6 or less for the YSTR67 marker haplotype test or 4 or less for the YSTR37 marker haplotype test for the males being submitted to the log which trace their line to the MRCA. These GD guidelines are rules of thumb and not set in concrete. If you know step one above accurately then I am willing to help you determine whether a GD you are observing in your group of related males is plausible given what we know about mutation rates today in various male lines observed todate. You would exclude the data submitted and from the chart (or duly note on the chart) any male lines who had Y-DNA surprises where the related cousin's haplotypes should have closely matched but didn't even come close to a match, especially if the males are in completely different haplogroups or different major sub-clades of a haplogroup. This happens in about 5% of the projects I've been involved with over the last six plus years. It even happened in my own early Kerchner Surname Project to a 5th cousin in my Kerchner project who was not even in the same haplogroup as the other participants. So do not feel alone or embarrassed when this happens. Surprises and hidden skeletons exist in many family lines awaiting to be discovered by we genealogists. :-) But for scientific reasons that particular individual's data cannot be included in with this log data since the participant's must be confirmed to be recently related via the traditional genealogy evidence AND the new genetic genealogy YSTR marker evidence.

3. THIRD, you must have at least three males in the related group which have been tested for 37 or more markers who share a Most Recent Common Ancestor (MRCA) forming a descent tree from the MRCA that is at least five generations or more deep on one branch or more. In other words the MRCA must be the great-great-grandfather or deeper ancestor of one of the people tested in the group submitted.
Not everyone in this group or cluster submitted has to be in the gg-grandson generation or more distant descendant from the MRCA, but at least one of the males tested must be the gg-grandson or more distant descendant from the MRCA. This project is studying deeper ancestry related gennealogy project type groups. It is not a father-son or grandfather-father-son type of study. Again, not all the lines who are related in the group must be deep relationships, but at least one descent line must be at least as deep as the gg-grandson generation from the MRCA.

3. And FOURTH, you must have enough data to be able to deduce the ancestral haplotype by the Triangulation Method for the Most Recent Common Ancestor (MRCA) for your project, or a cluster or group within your genetic genealogy Surname Project. If you've done steps one and two above, or can do steps one and two above, I can help you with this fourth step. I will need from you a copy of your project's YSTR/YDNA haplotype test results Excel data table for the cluster/group being submitted from the project in Excel file format with the Deduced Ancestral Haplotype edited into the table as per the example data table. If you have any mutations, to deduce the ancestral haplotype, in general, you will need to have tested at least three males with independent, but known, lines of descent from the MRCA. If you can't make an Excel table and don't have a webpage with the haplotype data table in it, you can create a basic haplotype data table via your entry records into Ysearch.org or a similar public database source. Here is an example of a haplotype table created using Ysearch.org research record comparison tools: Example Haplotype Table Prepared Using Ysearch.org Research Tools.

Important Note: I can help you with genetic genealogy decisions and determinations regarding steps 2 and 4, and/or even help in deducing the ancestral haplotype and preparing the edited Excel file or table from your main YSTR data table, but only you can provide the necessary traditional genealogical relationships information and the descent tree/chart needed for requirement 1 and 3.

In short, do you have three or more people in your surname project who you know descend from the same great-great-grandfather, or even ggggg-grandfather, and have been YDNA tested for 37 markers or more? If so, then even with that few a number of related people as a sub-cluster in your overall surname project, you can join this project. And I encourage you to do so. Your data submission is important to this new field. You will help all genetic genealogists learn more about mutation rates. And I am here to help you through the process. Many have told me afterwards that doing this submission was an excellent learning experience for them in better understanding the results of their project. So if you have the necessary data, give it a try.

Add your Surname Project Observed Y-STR Mutation Rate Data to the Log Database.

Some Tutorial Aides to Help You Learn More about this YSTR Log Project, Terms, and Procedures
What is the Y Chromosome STR (Y-STR) Haplotype Average Mutation Rate in a Surname Project?
Counting Unique Transmission Events and Unique Mutation Events from the MRCA in a Surname Project.
What is a Henry Number?

Add your Surname Project Observed Y-STR Mutation Rate Data to the Log Database.

Synergy At Work!

Log provided courtesy of Charles F. Kerchner, Jr., P.E.
and www.geneticgenealogydictionary.com and www.dnapin.com.
Please feel free to establish a link to this page from your personal surname project page
or your DNA testing discussion pages in your DNA project websites.
The URL address to bookmark or to link to this page is: "http://www.kerchner.com/ystrlog/dnamutationrates.htm".
Download my free Introduction to Genetics and Genealogy report. My Recommended Books list.
Attention Visiting Data Miners: Please acknowledge and credit your sources.
Created: 7 Jan 2005. Last Updated 14 Aug 2016. Copyright (c) 2005-2016 Charles F. Kerchner Jr. All Rights Reserved.


Add your Surname Project Observed Y-STR Mutation Rate Data to the Log Database.
Use your browser [Back] button to return to the prior page. To correct prior entries, re-enter all your info as a whole new entry and email me to delete the prior entry. If you email me to edit or delete a prior entry, please provide the date of the prior entry. If you have anyone in your surname project who has been mtDNA tested, please add their mtDNA test results to the MtDNA Test Results Log and Database. Thank you for sharing. Synergy at work.


Surname Studied in the Project: Pierce (Group A-2)
Surname Project Admin or Data Submitter: by CFK on behalf of Brad Pierce
Surname Project Website: http://www.piercedna.com
Date-Time: Thursday, September 02, 2010 at 14:59:32 (CDT)
Testing Company Used: FamilyTreeDNA
Date Surname DNA Project was Started: to be advised
Name and Birth Year of Common Male Ancestor with Deduced Ancestral Haplotype: William Pierce born c1730
Haplogroup of this Male Line: I2a2 advise if tested or predicted
Panel(s) and/or Combined Panels Haplotype Size(s) HS for Deduced Ancestral Haplotype: 12, 13, 12, 25, 37
Number of Males Tested for this Data: 4, 4, 4, 4, 4,
Number of Unique Transmission Events (UTE): 25, 25, 25, 25, 25
Number of Unique Mutation Events (UME): 2, 1, 2, 3, 5
Number of Marker Mutation Event Opportunities (MMO) in Haplotype Panel(s). MMO = HS x UTE: 300, 325, 300, 625, 925
Y-STR Observed Mutation Rate Calculated by Project Administrator [UME/MMO)]: 0.0067, 0.0031, 0.0067, 0.0048, 0.0054
Comments: This entry used to determine the observed average mutation rate for the 37 marker panel in the Group A-2 (descendants of the MRCA William Pierce born c1730 who have been tested for at least 37 markers) in the Pierce Surname YDNA Project.

Email address (To use delete '-Thursday-' and add @ sign in that position): wbpierce-Thursday-swbell.net

Surname Studied in the Project: Wertman
Surname Project Admin or Data Submitter: Tom Young
Surname Project Website: http://tinyurl.com/wfadna
Date-Time: Saturday, July 03, 2010 at 18:47:42 (CDT)
Testing Company Used: SMGF
Date Surname DNA Project was Started: August 2006
Name and Birth Year of Common Male Ancestor with Deduced Ancestral Haplotype: George Philip Wertman (Sr.) born about 1710
Haplogroup of this Male Line: R1b1b2
Panel(s) and/or Combined Panels Haplotype Size(s) HS for Deduced Ancestral Haplotype: 43
Number of Males Tested for this Data: 4
Number of Unique Transmission Events (UTE): 28
Number of Unique Mutation Events (UME): 2
Number of Marker Mutation Event Opportunities (MMO) in Haplotype Panel(s). MMO = HS x UTE: 1204
Y-STR Observed Mutation Rate Calculated by Project Administrator [UME/MMO)]: 0.0017
Comments: George Philip Wertman is found in Lynn Twp, Bucks (later Northampton, now Lehigh) Co, PA by 1749 and probably Alsace (now Oley) Twp, Philadelphia (now Berks) Co, PA by 1741. He had 5 known sons; Johan Michael, Jacob, George Philip, Simon and Johan Martin. He appears to be of German descent, but the where and the when is not known.

Email address (To use delete '-Saturday-' and add @ sign in that position): teyoung3-Saturday-gmail.com

Surname Studied in the Project: Stark, Starks
Surname Project Admin or Data Submitter: Clovis LaFleur
Surname Project Website: http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~clovis/y-dnag1parti.htm
Date-Time: Saturday, June 26, 2010 at 16:50:10 (CDT)
Testing Company Used: FamilyTreeDNA
Date Surname DNA Project was Started: June 2006
Name and Birth Year of Common Male Ancestor with Deduced Ancestral Haplotype: Aaron Stark, 1608
Haplogroup of this Male Line: R1b1b2a1a / SNP tested U106+
Panel(s) and/or Combined Panels Haplotype Size(s) HS for Deduced Ancestral Haplotype: 12, 13, 12, 25, 37
Number of Males Tested for this Data: 26, 24, 20, 24, 20
Number of Unique Transmission Events (UTE): 190, 177, 151, 177, 151
Number of Unique Mutation Events (UME): 4, 5, 11, 9, 20
Number of Marker Mutation Event Opportunities (MMO) in Haplotype Panel(s). MMO = HS x UTE: 2280, 2301, 1812, 4425, 5587
Y-STR Observed Mutation Rate Calculated by Project Administrator [UME/MMO)]: 0.0018, 0.0022, 0.0061, 0.0020, 0.0036
Comments: The origins of the Stark surname in North America began with the arrival of Aaron Stark in New England between 1630 and 1637 most likely from Scotland or England. He was born about 1608 and died in 1685 in New London County, Connecticut. His service in the Pequot War under Captain John Mason in May of 1637, was the first record we have of him in Connecticut. He eventually settled in New London County, Connecticut in a region that later became Groton Township. Those who have participated in the Stark Family Y-DNA Project have been found to be descendants of many genetically unrelated families having the surname Stark or one of it's derivatives. The majority of the participants are descendants of families that settled in New Hampshire, Virginia, and Connecticut. Contrary to the beliefs of some earlier researchers, the Stark Family Y-DNA Project has clearly proven the descendants of Aaron Stark are not related to the descendants of the New Hampshire and Virginia families.

Email address (To use delete '-Saturday-' and add @ sign in that position): clafleur1-Saturday-austin.rr.com

Surname Studied in the Project: O'Shea, Shea
Surname Project Admin or Data Submitter: James O'Shea
Date-Time: Monday, February 22, 2010 at 23:08:26 (CST)
Testing Company Used: FamilyTreeDNA
Date Surname DNA Project was Started: Abt May 2003
Name and Birth Year of Common Male Ancestor with Deduced Ancestral Haplotype: John Shea, born in 1792, County Cork, Ireland
Haplogroup of this Male Line: R1b1b2 Predicted
Panel(s) and/or Combined Panels Haplotype Size(s) HS for Deduced Ancestral Haplotype: 12, 13, 12, 25, 37
Number of Males Tested for this Data: 8, 8, 8, 8, 8
Number of Unique Transmission Events (UTE): 24, 24, 24, 24, 24
Number of Unique Mutation Events (UME): 0, 1, 6, 1, 7
Number of Marker Mutation Event Opportunities (MMO) in Haplotype Panel(s). MMO = HS x UTE: 288, 312, 288, 600, 888
Y-STR Observed Mutation Rate Calculated by Project Administrator [UME/MMO)]: 0.0000, 0.0032, 0.0208, 0.0017, 0.0079
Comments: John Shea was born 1792 at an unknown location in NW Cork, Ireland. In 1818 he obtained his first farm tenancy in the townland of Carrigacooleen near Millstreet and farmed there until his death in 1875. One of his sons emigrated in the 1880s to Brockton, Mass and another later joined family in Montana. Descendents are plentiful in Ireland, England, the US and other parts of the world.

Email address (To use delete '-Monday-' and add @ sign in that position): joshea-Monday-douglas-esl.ie

Surname Studied in the Project: Venter (update of Feb 2009 entry)
Surname Project Admin or Data Submitter: Piet Venter
Surname Project Website: http://www.familytreedna.com/public/venter
Date-Time: Wednesday, November 04, 2009 at 23:12:30 (CST)
Testing Company Used: FamilyTreeDNA
Date Surname DNA Project was Started: 2006
Name and Birth Year of Common Male Ancestor with Deduced Ancestral Haplotype: Pieter Venter, born Stellenbosch in 1699, died Cape Town in 1761
Haplogroup of this Male Line: R1a1
Panel(s) and/or Combined Panels Haplotype Size(s) HS for Deduced Ancestral Haplotype: 12, 13, 12, 25, 37
Number of Males Tested for this Data: 6, 6, 6, 6, 6,
Number of Unique Transmission Events (UTE): 41, 41, 41, 41, 41
Number of Unique Mutation Events (UME): 1, 1, 4, 2, 6
Number of Marker Mutation Event Opportunities (MMO) in Haplotype Panel(s). MMO = HS x UTE: 492, 533, 492, 1025, 1517
Y-STR Observed Mutation Rate Calculated by Project Administrator [UME/MMO)]: 0.0020, 0.0019, 0.0081, 0.0019, 0.0040
Comments: The Most Recent Common Ancestor of the South African Venters is Pieter Venter, born 1699, d1761. He was the third son of Hendrik Venter, and married Hester Nel in 1721. They had thirteen children - ten sons who got married, one who died in infancy, and two daughters. The names of the sons who got married were: 1. Jan Hendrik, ~ 1723; 2. Petrus, ~ 1726; 3. Wilhelmus Wouterus, ~ 1728; 4. Jan Adriaan, ~ 1730; 5. Francois, ~ 1734; 6. Frederik, ~ 1738; 7. Jacob, ~ 1740; 8. Jan, ~ 1744; 9. Johannes Albertus, ~ 1747; 10. Hercules, ~ 1750.

Email address (To use delete '-Wednesday-' and add @ sign in that position): pr.venter-Wednesday-telkomsa.net

Surname Studied in the Project: Anderson (update of Jun 2008 entry)
Surname Project Admin or Data Submitter: M. A. Farrell
Date-Time: Wednesday, November 04, 2009 at 21:44:58 (CST)
Testing Company Used: FamilyTreeDNA
Date Surname DNA Project was Started: 15 Mar 2006
Name and Birth Year of Common Male Ancestor with Deduced Ancestral Haplotype: John Anderson, born c1705, died 1787
Haplogroup of this Male Line: R1b1 SNP tested P25+
Panel(s) and/or Combined Panels Haplotype Size(s) HS for Deduced Ancestral Haplotype: 12, 13, 12, 25, 37
Number of Males Tested for this Data: 4, 4, 4, 4, 4
Number of Unique Transmission Events (UTE): 25, 25, 25, 25, 25
Number of Unique Mutation Events (UME): 1, 1, 2, 2, 4
Number of Marker Mutation Event Opportunities (MMO) in Haplotype Panel(s). MMO = HS x UTE: 300, 325, 300, 625, 925
Y-STR Observed Mutation Rate Calculated by Project Administrator [UME/MMO)]: 0.0033, 0.0031, 0.0067, 0.0032, 0.0043
Comments: John Anderson, born 1705, the Most Recent Common Ancestor (MRCA) for this group, immigrated to Virginia circa 1735. He died in 1787.

Email address (To use delete '-Wednesday-' and add @ sign in that position): mafarr28-Wednesday-peoplepc.com

Surname Studied in the Project: Galbraith
Surname Project Admin or Data Submitter: William Gilbreath
Date-Time: Saturday, October 03, 2009 at 14:22:19 (CDT)
Testing Company Used: FamilyTreeDNA
Date Surname DNA Project was Started: Abt Nov 2003
Name and Birth Year of Common Male Ancestor with Deduced Ancestral Haplotype: Alexander Galbraith (1710-1792)
Haplogroup of this Male Line: R1b1b2a1a4 SNP Tested
Panel(s) and/or Combined Panels Haplotype Size(s) HS for Deduced Ancestral Haplotype: 12, 13, 12, 25, 37
Number of Males Tested for this Data: 3, 3, 3, 3, 3
Number of Unique Transmission Events (UTE): 21, 21, 21, 21, 21
Number of Unique Mutation Events (UME): 0, 1, 2, 1, 3
Number of Marker Mutation Event Opportunities (MMO) in Haplotype Panel(s). MMO = HS x UTE: 252, 273, 252, 525, 777
Y-STR Observed Mutation Rate Calculated by Project Administrator [UME/MMO)]: 0.0000, 0.0037, 0.0079, 0.0019, 0.0039
Comments: Hi William: Sorry for the delay in getting to your entry.

Email address (To use delete '-Saturday-' and add @ sign in that position): wgilbrea-Saturday-tampabay.rr.com

Surname Studied in the Project: James
Surname Project Admin or Data Submitter: Lee James
Date-Time: Friday, October 02, 2009 at 22:44:07 (CDT)
Testing Company Used: FamilyTreeDNA
Date Surname DNA Project was Started: Abt May 2005
Name and Birth Year of Common Male Ancestor with Deduced Ancestral Haplotype: David James (1669-1739)
Haplogroup of this Male Line: R1b1b2a1b5* SNP Tested
Panel(s) and/or Combined Panels Haplotype Size(s) HS for Deduced Ancestral Haplotype: 12, 13, 12, 25, 37
Number of Males Tested for this Data: 4, 4, 4, 4, 4
Number of Unique Transmission Events (UTE): 27, 27, 27, 27, 27
Number of Unique Mutation Events (UME): 1, 1, 2, 2, 4
Number of Marker Mutation Event Opportunities (MMO) in Haplotype Panel(s). MMO = HS x UTE: 324, 351, 324, 675, 999
Y-STR Observed Mutation Rate Calculated by Project Administrator [UME/MMO)]: 0.0031, 0.0029, 0.0062, 0.0030, 0.0040
Comments: David James was born ca. 1669 in Wales. His Welsh ancestry is verified by the books in the Welsh language inventoried in his estate. He emigrated to America and settled in Radnor Township, Chester County (now Delaware County), PA. His first wife (and mother of his children) may have been named Margaret, and after her death he married (second) Jane David (or Davis) who outlived him. He may have originally been a Quaker, but at least by mid-life he had become a Baptist. David James died 27 June 1739 at age 70, and is buried in the churchyard of the Great Valley Baptisit Church in Tredyfrin Township, Chester County, PA. His will, signed 10 March 1738 and proved 8 July 1739 mentions sons Evan, Thomas, and Isaac, and daughters Sarah and Rebecca.

Email address (To use delete '-Friday-' and add @ sign in that position): lajames-Friday-cco.net

Surname Studied in the Project: Pendergrass, Pendergraft [update to original entry of Mar 2008]
Surname Project Admin or Data Submitter: Mary Fern Souder
Surname Project Website: http://members.aol.com/maryferns/myhomepage/pender-y.htm
Date-Time: Wednesday, September 30, 2009 at 13:20:21 (CDT)
Testing Company Used: FamilyTreeDNA
Date Surname DNA Project was Started: May 2002
Name and Birth Year of Common Male Ancestor with Deduced Ancestral Haplotype: Job Pendergrass, born 1753, died 1831 in Burke County, NC
Haplogroup of this Male Line: R1a1 (M17+)
Panel(s) and/or Combined Panels Haplotype Size(s) HS for Deduced Ancestral Haplotype: 12, 13, 12, 25, 37
Number of Males Tested for this Data: 7, 7, 7, 7, 7
Number of Unique Transmission Events (UTE): 29, 29, 29, 29, 29
Number of Unique Mutation Events (UME): 4, 2, 6, 6, 12
Number of Marker Mutation Event Opportunities (MMO) in Haplotype Panel(s). MMO = HS x UTE: 348, 377, 348, 725, 1073
Y-STR Observed Mutation Rate Calculated by Project Administrator [UME/MMO)]: 0.0115, 0.0053, 0.0172, 0.0083, 0.0112
Comments: Job Pendergrass lived in Orange and Burke Counties, NC, and enlisted in the Revolutionary War in 1776, serving in the 10th Regiment of the NC Continental Line. He was transferred to Rhodes' Company, which fought in New Jersey and New York. In 1779 he reenlisted at Chatham County, NC, and was placed in Capt. Roger Moore's Company, James Thraxton's Regiment of the NC Continental line. For the next three years he fought mainly in South Carolina, in some of the fiercest battles of the War. Job's pension for his military service was in force until his death in 1831, in what is now McDowell County, NC. See website link above for more details.

Email address (To use delete '-Wednesday-' and add @ sign in that position): MaryFernS-Wednesday-aol.com

Surname Studied in the Project: Venter
Surname Project Admin or Data Submitter: Piet Venter
Surname Project Website: http://www.familytreedna.com/public/venter
Date-Time: Tuesday, February 17, 2009 at 14:37:31 (CST)
Testing Company Used: FamilyTreeDNA
Date Surname DNA Project was Started: 2006
Name and Birth Year of Common Male Ancestor with Deduced Ancestral Haplotype: Pieter Venter, born Stellenbosch in 1699, died Cape Town in 1761
Haplogroup of this Male Line: R1a1 estimated
Panel(s) and/or Combined Panels Haplotype Size(s) HS for Deduced Ancestral Haplotype: 12, 13, 12, 25, 37
Number of Males Tested for this Data: 5, 5, 5, 5, 5
Number of Unique Transmission Events (UTE): 33, 33, 33, 33, 33
Number of Unique Mutation Events (UME): 1, 0, 4, 1, 5
Number of Marker Mutation Event Opportunities (MMO) in Haplotype Panel(s). MMO = HS x UTE: 396, 429, 396, 825, 1221
Y-STR Observed Mutation Rate Calculated by Project Administrator [UME/MMO)]: 0.0025, 0.0000, 0.0101, 0.0012, 0.0041
Comments: The Most Recent Common Ancestor of the South African Venters is Pieter Venter, born 1699,d1761. He was the third son of Hendrik Venter, and married Hester Nel in 1721. They had thirteen children - ten sons who got married, one who died in infancy, and two daughters. The names of the sons who got married were: 1. Jan Hendrik, ~ 1723; 2. Petrus, ~ 1726; 3. Wilhelmus Wouterus, ~ 1728; 4. Jan Adriaan, ~ 1730; 5. Francois, ~ 1734; 6. Frederik, ~ 1738; 7. Jacob, ~ 1740; 8. Jan, ~ 1744; 9. Johannes Albertus, ~ 1747; 10. Hercules, ~ 1750.

Email address (To use delete '-Tuesday-' and add @ sign in that position): pr.venter-Tuesday-telkomsa.net

Surname Studied in the Project: Gee
Surname Project Admin or Data Submitter: Mike Gee
Surname Project Website: http://www.GEEroots.org
Date-Time: Sunday, January 25, 2009 at 19:40:58 (CST)
Testing Company Used: FamilyTreeDNA
Date Surname DNA Project was Started: about Jan 2007
Name and Birth Year of Common Male Ancestor with Deduced Ancestral Haplotype: Charles Gee, born 16??, died 1709 in Virginia
Haplogroup of this Male Line: R1b1b2 predicted
Panel(s) and/or Combined Panels Haplotype Size(s) HS for Deduced Ancestral Haplotype: 12, 13, 12, 25, 37
Number of Males Tested for this Data: 3, 3, 3, 3, 3
Number of Unique Transmission Events (UTE): 23, 23, 23, 23, 23
Number of Unique Mutation Events (UME): 1, 0, 2, 1, 3
Number of Marker Mutation Event Opportunities (MMO) in Haplotype Panel(s). MMO = HS x UTE: 276, 299, 276, 575, 851
Y-STR Observed Mutation Rate Calculated by Project Administrator [UME/MMO)]: 0.0036, 0.0000, 0.0073, 0.0017, 0.0035
Comments: The birth date of Charles Gee is unknown. He died in 1709 probably in Virginia which was his last known location of resident. In 1704-5 Charles Gee owned 484 acres in Price George County, Virginia. He married Hannah (d 1728) and had sons James, Charles and Henry, and possibly also Robert. With one exception all the Gee's in Virgina up to the Revolutionary War are believed to descend from Charles and Hannah Gee. His descendents are covered in great depth in W. J. Fletcher's "The Gee family: descendents of Charles Gee (d. 1709) and Hannah Gee (d. 1728) of Virginia: with a chapter on the English background" (Tuttle Publishing Company, Rutland, VT, 1937).

Email address (To use delete '-Sunday-' and add @ sign in that position): admin-Sunday-GEEroots.org

Surname Studied in the Project: Woody
Surname Project Admin or Data Submitter: Dave Woody
Surname Project Website: http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~woodydnaproject/index.htm
Date-Time: Saturday, September 27, 2008 at 10:54:42 (CDT)
Testing Company Used: FTDNA
Date Surname DNA Project was Started: June 2007
Name and Birth Year of Common Male Ancestor with Deduced Ancestral Haplotype: Henry Woody, bc 1736
Haplogroup of this Male Line: R1b1b2
Panel(s) and/or Combined Panels Haplotype Size(s) HS for Deduced Ancestral Haplotype: 12,13,12,25,37
Number of Males Tested for this Data: 5,5,5,5,5
Number of Unique Transmission Events (UTE): 24,24,24,24,24
Number of Unique Mutation Events (UME): 3, 2, 2, 5, 7
Number of Marker Mutation Event Opportunities (MMO) in Haplotype Panel(s). MMO = HS x UTE: 288, 312, 288, 600, 888
Y-STR Observed Mutation Rate Calculated by Project Administrator [UME/MMO)]: 0.0104, 0.0064, 0.0069, 0.0083, 0.0079
Comments: Henry Woody was bc 1736, probably in Goochland County, Virginia. He was most likely the son of John Woody. In 1761 he married Susannah Martin in Dover Church, Goochland. He was recorded in Amherst and Bedford Counties before moving to his final home in Franklin County. Henry died in 1807 and left a will naming all his children. He has been named by the DAR as a Patriot of the Revolution.

Email address (To use delete '-Saturday-' and add @ sign in that position): geneped-Saturday-hotmail.com

Surname Studied in the Project: Anderson
Surname Project Admin or Data Submitter: M. A. Farrell
Date-Time: Saturday, June 14, 2008 at 23:50:15 (CDT)
Testing Company Used: FamilyTreeDNA
Date Surname DNA Project was Started: 15 Mar 2006
Name and Birth Year of Common Male Ancestor with Deduced Ancestral Haplotype: John Anderson born c1705, died 1787
Haplogroup of this Male Line: R1b1 SNP tested P25+
Panel(s) and/or Combined Panels Haplotype Size(s) HS for Deduced Ancestral Haplotype: 12, 13, 12, 25, 37
Number of Males Tested for this Data: 3, 3, 3, 3, 3,
Number of Unique Transmission Events (UTE): 21, 21, 21, 21, 21
Number of Unique Mutation Events (UME): 1, 1, 2, 2, 4
Number of Marker Mutation Event Opportunities (MMO) in Haplotype Panel(s). MMO = HS x UTE: 252, 273, 252, 525, 777
Y-STR Observed Mutation Rate Calculated by Project Administrator [UME/MMO)]: 0.0040, 0.0037, 0.0079, 0.0038, 0.0052
Comments: John Anderson, born 1705, the Most Recent Common Ancestor (MRCA) for this group, immigrated to Virginia circa 1735. He died in 1787.

Email address (To use delete '-Saturday-' and add @ sign in that position): mafarr28-Saturday-peoplepc.com

Surname Studied in the Project: Folmar, Fulmer, Fulmore, Vollmer
Surname Project Admin or Data Submitter: Whit Athey
Surname Project Website: http://worldfamilies.net/surnames/f/folmar
Date-Time: Wednesday, June 11, 2008 at 05:37:10 (CDT)
Testing Company Used: FamilyTreeDNA
Date Surname DNA Project was Started: September, 2005
Name and Birth Year of Common Male Ancestor with Deduced Ancestral Haplotype: Jacob Fulmer, Jr, ca 1762 SC
Haplogroup of this Male Line: I1 Estimated
Panel(s) and/or Combined Panels Haplotype Size(s) HS for Deduced Ancestral Haplotype: 12, 13, 12, 25, 37
Number of Males Tested for this Data: 3, 3, 3, 3, 3
Number of Unique Transmission Events (UTE): 16, 16, 16, 16, 16
Number of Unique Mutation Events (UME): 0, 0, 2, 0, 2
Number of Marker Mutation Event Opportunities (MMO) in Haplotype Panel(s). MMO = HS x UTE: 192, 208, 192, 400, 592
Y-STR Observed Mutation Rate Calculated by Project Administrator [UME/MMO)]: 0.0000, 0.0000, 0.0104, 0.0000, 0.0034
Comments: The common ancestor of this group is Jacob Fulmer, Jr, who was born in at the Dutch Fork German settlement about 20 miles northwest of Columbia, SC. Jacob's father was Johan Jakob Vollmer, b ca 1744 at Unterhausen, Germany (southeast of Stuttgart).

Email address (To use delete '-Wednesday-' and add @ sign in that position): wathey-Wednesday-hprg.com

Surname Studied in the Project: Kerchner (Group 1a - 67 marker upgrade. More males tested at 67 markers. Also see earlier 37 marker entry made in Jan 2005)
Surname Project Admin or Data Submitter: Charles Kerchner
Surname Project Website: http://www.kerchner.com/kerchner67mkrs.htm
Date-Time: Wednesday, March 26, 2008 at 22:50:48 (CDT)
Testing Company Used: FamilyTreeDNA
Date Surname DNA Project was Started: Feb 2001
Name and Birth Year of Common Male Ancestor with Deduced Ancestral Haplotype: Frederick Kerchner, born 1750
Haplogroup of this Male Line: R1b1c10 (U152+/S28+)
Panel(s) and/or Combined Panels Haplotype Size(s) HS for Deduced Ancestral Haplotype: 12, 13, 12, 30, 25, 37, 67
Number of Males Tested for this Data: 10, 10, 10, 10, 10, 10, 10
Number of Unique Transmission Events (UTE): 38, 38, 38, 38, 38, 38, 38
Number of Unique Mutation Events (UME): 2, 2, 4, 3, 4, 8, 11
Number of Marker Mutation Event Opportunities (MMO) in Haplotype Panel(s). MMO = HS x UTE: 456, 494, 456, 1140, 950, 1406, 2546
Y-STR Observed Mutation Rate Calculated by Project Administrator [UME/MMO)]: 0.0044, 0.0040, 0.0088, 0.0026, 0.0042, 0.0057, 0.0043
Comments: Update. See April 2007 entry.

Email address (To use delete '-Wednesday-' and add @ sign in that position): charles-Wednesday-kerchner.com

Surname Studied in the Project: Acree
Surname Project Admin or Data Submitter: Charles Acree
Surname Project Website: http://acreetree.net/ydnaacree.html
Date-Time: Sunday, March 23, 2008 at 19:37:38 (CDT)
Testing Company Used: Relative Genetics
Date Surname DNA Project was Started: August 2006
Name and Birth Year of Common Male Ancestor with Deduced Ancestral Haplotype: John Acree, Sr., born about 1735
Haplogroup of this Male Line: R1b Predicted
Panel(s) and/or Combined Panels Haplotype Size(s) HS for Deduced Ancestral Haplotype: 43
Number of Males Tested for this Data: 3
Number of Unique Transmission Events (UTE): 20
Number of Unique Mutation Events (UME): 2
Number of Marker Mutation Event Opportunities (MMO) in Haplotype Panel(s). MMO = HS x UTE: 860
Y-STR Observed Mutation Rate Calculated by Project Administrator [UME/MMO)]: 0.0023
Comments: John Acree, Sr. was born c1735, probably in Hanover Co., Virginia. He appeared in Bertie Co., North Carolina, in 1759 or earlier, where he married Patience (lnu) and died in 1814. These three project participants descend through 6-7 generations from three of John's five sons. The project seeks to relate males with the surname Acree and determine the extent to which Acrees living in the U.S. descend from a common colonial/immigrant ancestor.

Email address (To use delete '-Sunday-' and add @ sign in that position): acreegenealogy-Sunday-sbcglobal.net

Surname Studied in the Project: Pendergrass, Pendergraft
Surname Project Admin or Data Submitter: Mary Fern Souder
Surname Project Website: http://members.aol.com/maryferns/myhomepage/pender-y.htm
Date-Time: Thursday, March 13, 2008 at 14:56:36 (CDT)
Testing Company Used: FamilyTreeDNA
Date Surname DNA Project was Started: May 2002
Name and Birth Year of Common Male Ancestor with Deduced Ancestral Haplotype: Job Pendergrass, born 1753, died 1831 Burke County, NC
Haplogroup of this Male Line: R1a1 (M17+)
Panel(s) and/or Combined Panels Haplotype Size(s) HS for Deduced Ancestral Haplotype: 12, 13, 12, 25, 37
Number of Males Tested for this Data: 6, 6, 6, 6, 6
Number of Unique Transmission Events (UTE): 26, 26, 26, 26, 26
Number of Unique Mutation Events (UME): 4, 2, 6, 6, 12
Number of Marker Mutation Event Opportunities (MMO) in Haplotype Panel(s). MMO = HS x UTE: 312, 338, 312, 650, 962
Y-STR Observed Mutation Rate Calculated by Project Administrator [UME/MMO)]: 0.0128, 0.0059, 0.0192, 0.0092, 0.0125
Comments: Job Pendergrass lived in Orange and Burke Counties, NC, and enlisted in the Revolutionary War in 1776, serving in the 10th Regiment of the NC Continental Line. He was transferred to Rhodes' Company, which fought in New Jersey and New York. In 1779 he reenlisted at Chatham County, NC, and was placed in Capt. Roger Moore's Company, James Thraxton's Regiment of the NC Continental line. For the next three years he fought mainly in South Carolina, in some of the fiercest battles of the War. Job's pension for his military service was in force until his death in 1831, in what is now McDowell County, NC. See website link above for more details.

Email address (To use delete '-Thursday-' and add @ sign in that position): MaryFernS-Thursday-aol.com

Surname Studied in the Project: McGonigal, McGonagill, Megonnigil
Surname Project Admin or Data Submitter: John Megonnigil
Date-Time: Sunday, February 17, 2008 at 22:11:39 (CST)
Testing Company Used: Family Tree DNA
Date Surname DNA Project was Started: April 2004
Name and Birth Year of Common Male Ancestor with Deduced Ancestral Haplotype: Patrick McGonagle ca: 1754
Haplogroup of this Male Line: R1b1c7 SNP Tested M222+ by Family Tree DNA
Panel(s) and/or Combined Panels Haplotype Size(s) HS for Deduced Ancestral Haplotype: 12, 13, 12, 30, 25, 37, 67
Number of Males Tested for this Data: 7, 7, 7, 5, 7, 7, 5
Number of Unique Transmission Events (UTE): 29, 29, 29, 17, 29, 29, 17
Number of Unique Mutation Events (UME): 0, 1, 2, 0, 1, 3, 3
Number of Marker Mutation Event Opportunities (MMO) in Haplotype Panel(s). MMO = HS x UTE: 348, 377, 348, 510, 725, 1073, 1139
Y-STR Observed Mutation Rate Calculated by Project Administrator [UME/MMO)]: 0.0000, 0.0027, 0.0058, 0.0000, 0.0014, 0.0028, 0.0026
Comments: Patrick McGonagle was born ca: 1754 in Augusta VA. Enlisted in Dec. 1776 for three years service in the 10th Regiment of the Virginia Continental Line. Wounded in 1777 (proably at Brandy Wine) and participated in the Battle of Germantown, PA and the Battle of Monmouth, NJ. Was also at Valley Forge PA during the winter encampment of 1777-1778 and at Middle Brook, NJ encampment of 1778-1779. The DNA project was started due to the rareness of the Surname and the road blocks that have been encountered attempting to unite Patricks 4 decending lines. It is also hoped that we can learn who the frist to arrive in America was, and from where he came.

Email address (To use delete '-Sunday-' and add @ sign in that position): wallflower2-Sunday-comcast.net

Surname Studied in the Project: Corrigan, Carrigan, Carrucan, Currie, Currigan, Curry, (Group 4)
Surname Project Admin or Data Submitter: Frances James
Surname Project Website: http://www.familytreedna.com/public/corrigan
Date-Time: Wednesday, January 16, 2008 at 05:59:49 (CST)
Testing Company Used: FamilytreeDNA
Date Surname DNA Project was Started: April 2005
Name and Birth Year of Common Male Ancestor with Deduced Ancestral Haplotype: Patrick Corrigan born 1785, Co Mayo, Ireland, died abt 1862 Wisconsin USA
Haplogroup of this Male Line: R1b1
Panel(s) and/or Combined Panels Haplotype Size(s) HS for Deduced Ancestral Haplotype: 12, 13, 12, 25, 37
Number of Males Tested for this Data: 3, 3, 3, 3, 3
Number of Unique Transmission Events (UTE): 14, 14, 14, 14, 14
Number of Unique Mutation Events (UME): 1, 1, 1, 2, 3
Number of Marker Mutation Event Opportunities (MMO) in Haplotype Panel(s). MMO = HS x UTE: 168, 182, 168, 350, 518
Y-STR Observed Mutation Rate Calculated by Project Administrator [UME/MMO)]: 0.0060, 0.0055, 0.0060, 0.0057, 0.0058
Comments: Patrick Corrigan born 1785, County Mayo, Ireland, died abt 1862 Wisconsin USA. Descendants of three sons tested for the Corrigan and variants Surname Project. John Corrigan (Curry) born 1807 Co Mayo, Ireland, died 1893 Ontario, Canada. Patrick Corrigan Jr born 1806 County Mayo, Ireland, died 1901 Wisconsin, USA James Corrigan born 1821 County Mayo, Ireland, died 1880 Wisconsin, USA This family are in Group 4 of the Corrigan and variants Surname Project.

Email address (To use delete '-Wednesday-' and add @ sign in that position): fjames2001-Wednesday-yahoo.com.au



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