Kerchner's

DNAPrint Test Results Log

Synergy At Work!

Please feel free to establish a link to this page from your personal DNAPrint(t/m) admixture test results page.
or your BioGeographical Ancestry testing discussion pages in your DNA project websites.
The URL address to bookmark or to link to this page is: "http://www.dnaprintlog.org/".
What is the DNAPrint(t/m) aka Bio-Geographical Ancestry (BGA) test?
Notice: DNAPrint(t/m) is a trademark of DNAPrint.com. I have been DNAPrint tested at various times. This independent
website was set up and is maintained by me in order to allow those tested via the DNAPrint(t/m) test to share their
results and experiences so we may all learn from same. Synergy at work!
Download my free Introduction to Genetics and Genealogy report. My Recommended Books list.
Log Provided Courtesy of Charles F. Kerchner, Jr., www.geneticgenealogydictionary.com, and www.dnapin.com.
Created: 5 May 2003. Copyright (c) 2003-2008 Charles F. Kerchner, Jr. All rights Reserved.

Add Your DNAPrint(t/m) Results Data to the Log Database


The AncestryByDNA™ DNAPrint™ (BGA) test provides a hereditary profile. Customers receive an analysis of their geographic hereditary origins. AncestryByDNA™ will determine your genetic heritage among the four anthropological population groups: Indo-European (Europe, Middle East, North Africa, Western Asia), East Asian, Native American, Sub-Saharan African (areas south of the Sahara Desert). These groups are named using modern-day terms but represent anthropological lineages that extend back in time tens of thousands of years. For example, the term “European” per AncestryByDNA is meant to describe a common ancestry held by peoples from continental Europe, the Middle East, Eurasia, Central Asia and South Asia. The AncestryByDNA hereditary profile assay report of your autosomal chromosomes provides you with a statistical estimate of your population groups genetic admixture expressed as percentages, with confidence bands, divided by this company into 4 major population groups: Indo-European, East Asian, Native American, and Sub-Saharan African. The sum of these four percentage allocations to each population group of course must add up to 100%. For more information see AncestryByDNA's Manual and Website.

DNAPrint Test World Groups Legend: IE=Indo-European, EA=East Asian, NA=Native American, SSAF=Sub-Saharan African.
Euro Sub-Groups Test Legend: NOR(NE)=Nothern European, MED(SE)=Mediterranean, MIDEAS(ME)=Middle Easten, SA=South Asian.

Use your browser [Back] button to return to the prior page. To correct prior entries, re-enter all your info as a whole new entry and email me to delete the prior entry. This log is for atDNA test results from DNAPrint/AncestryByDNA only. If you also have been maternal line Mitochondria DNA (mtDNA) tested, please add your test results for that test into my separate Mitochondria DNA (mtDNA) Test Results Log and Database for that test. Also check out the new DNATribes Test/Analysis Results Log. Attention visiting data miners. Credit your sources. Thank you. Synergy at work!


Guest: Robert Edward Lawson
Date-Time: Thursday, January 17, 2019 at 16:41:36 (EST)
My Expected Results for IE,EA,NA,SSAF Population Groups: 50,0,25,0
My Actual DNAPrint Results for IE,EA,NA,SSAF Population Groups: 81,4,14,1
DNAPrint Test and/or Euro add-on Test Version Number: 2.0
Date DNAPrint Test and/or Euro add-on Test Was Ordered: Jan 9, 2004
Comments: My research has shown instead of Irish we are Scottish. My father saw a picture of his grandmother and her sister in full princess garb and so I thought he was more Native American than he seems to have been. I am trying to connect to the other Lawson's in MO, IL, TN, KY and SC.

Email address (To use delete '-Thursday-' and add @ sign in that position): carolsue2-Thursday-yahoo.com

Guest: Robert Edward Lawson
Date-Time: Thursday, January 17, 2019 at 16:41:36 (EST)
My Expected Results for IE,EA,NA,SSAF Population Groups: 50,0,25,0
My Actual DNAPrint Results for IE,EA,NA,SSAF Population Groups: 81,4,14,1
DNAPrint Test and/or Euro add-on Test Version Number: 2.0
Date DNAPrint Test and/or Euro add-on Test Was Ordered: Jan 9, 2004
Comments: My research has shown instead of Irish we are Scottish. My father saw a picture of his grandmother and her sister in full princess garb and so I thought he was more Native American than he seems to have been. I am trying to connect to the other Lawson's in MO, IL, TN, KY and SC.

Email address (To use delete '-Thursday-' and add @ sign in that position): carolsue2-Thursday-yahoo.com

Guest: Deanna W
Date-Time: Tuesday, December 09, 2014 at 00:20:15 (CST)
My Expected Results for IE,EA,NA,SSAF Population Groups:
My Actual DNAPrint Results for IE,EA,NA,SSAF Population Groups: 78,0,11,11
DNAPrint Test and/or Euro add-on Test Version Number:
Date DNAPrint Test and/or Euro add-on Test Was Ordered: October 2014
Comments: tpox 8,11 d351358 16, 18. fga 19,21 d5s818 11,12 csf1po 10,15 d7s820 10, 10 d8s1179 12,13 th01 8, 9.3 vwa 14,18 d135317 11,14 d16s539 11,14. d18s51 10,15 d21s11 29, 29.1

Email address (To use delete '-Tuesday-' and add @ sign in that position): Harmony4life67-Tuesday-gmail.com

Guest: E M Ingram
Date-Time: Thursday, October 30, 2014 at 21:39:16 (CDT)
My Expected Results for IE,EA,NA,SSAF Population Groups: 20,0,30,50
My Actual DNAPrint Results for IE,EA,NA,SSAF Population Groups: 58,0,0,42
DNAPrint Test and/or Euro add-on Test Version Number: 2.5
Date DNAPrint Test and/or Euro add-on Test Was Ordered: 2 October 2006
Comments: mtDNA - DNA Sequences - Marker Number 1128-rs594689; Marker Number 1136-rs3287; Marker Number 1138-rs2695; Marker Number 1139-rs6003; Marker Number 1141-rs3317; Marker Number 1113-rs18000498; Marker Number 1116-rs3340; Marker Number 1121-rs2065160; Marker Number 1122-rs285

Email address (To use delete '-Thursday-' and add @ sign in that position): reneei-Thursday-aol.com

Guest: Sydney Foor
Date-Time: Wednesday, October 22, 2014 at 19:50:43 (CDT)
My Expected Results for IE,EA,NA,SSAF Population Groups: 97.0.3.0
My Actual DNAPrint Results for IE,EA,NA,SSAF Population Groups: 92.3.1.4
DNAPrint Test and/or Euro add-on Test Version Number:
Date DNAPrint Test and/or Euro add-on Test Was Ordered: 3 March 2014
Comments: TPOX 8 11 D3S1358 15 18 FGA 19 24 D5S818 11 12 CSF1PO 10 11 D7S820 11 11 D8S1179 11 14 TH01 7 8 VWA 18 18 D13S317 8 11 D16S539 11 11 D18S51 12 14 D21S11 29 31.2 Could you tell me if

Email address (To use delete '-Wednesday-' and add @ sign in that position): fsydney-Wednesday-hotmail.com

Guest: Marlin Thomas
Date-Time: Wednesday, September 11, 2013 at 14:27:24 (CDT)
My Expected Results for IE,EA,NA,SSAF Population Groups: 90, 0, 10, 0
My Actual DNAPrint Results for IE,EA,NA,SSAF Population Groups: 94, 0, 6, 0
DNAPrint Test and/or Euro add-on Test Version Number: 2.5
Date DNAPrint Test and/or Euro add-on Test Was Ordered: Sept 2004
Comments: Native American result was expected to be a bit higher based on family history. Father's family and siblings all with high cheek bones, and shovel teeth. Had DNAPrint 2.0 and 2.5 and both were consistent.

Email address (To use delete '-Wednesday-' and add @ sign in that position): muthomas-Wednesday-woh.rr.com

Guest: D Schlue
Date-Time: Tuesday, July 09, 2013 at 19:04:45 (CDT)
My Expected Results for IE,EA,NA,SSAF Population Groups: IE 75, EA 0, NA 25, SSAF 0
My Actual DNAPrint Results for IE,EA,NA,SSAF Population Groups:
DNAPrint Test and/or Euro add-on Test Version Number:
Date DNAPrint Test and/or Euro add-on Test Was Ordered: July 2012
Comments: mtDNA: T1 Based on reading, the T1 may be consistent with the expectation of Native American ancestry (Cherokees from North Carolina), but came as a surprise. I would have expected R1b, based on several German, Irish and English relatives. However, our 5th great grandmother is a complete mystery; we do not know her given name. Her husband was Germany, lived in the US (VA and KY). They lived in Virginia from about 1740 to the late 1770's. She died in the 1780's. CRS Ref Seq: T16126C, A163G, C186T, 189C, 294T, 304C, 519C.. Plus these additional RSRS Values: A129G, T187C, T223C, G230A, T278C!!, C311T.

Email address (To use delete '-Tuesday-' and add @ sign in that position): daschlue-Tuesday-gmail.com

Guest: Anthony Parker
Date-Time: Saturday, July 07, 2012 at 21:40:52 (CDT)
My Expected Results for IE,EA,NA,SSAF Population Groups:
My Actual DNAPrint Results for IE,EA,NA,SSAF Population Groups: 74,21,5
DNAPrint Test and/or Euro add-on Test Version Number: 2.5
Date DNAPrint Test and/or Euro add-on Test Was Ordered: receiveresult6-12-12
Comments: My dad and both my maternal grandparents tested with Ancestrybydna2.5 from DNA Diagnostics Center and got the results on June 12,2012. You have to have whoever in your family that's a generation ahead of you tested if possible so that's why I had My dad and maternal grandparents tested(my paternal grandmother is deceased and my paternal grandfather lives in another state).My dad is "68%African and 32%European",My grandfather is "73%African and 27%European" and my grandmother is "74%African,21%European and 5%East Asian".We don't know if the 5%East Asian is noise or actually Native American mistyped as East Asian and my grandmother's confidence intervals for both Indigenous American and East Asian are over 10 but we don't know if that really means anything.Maybe some time I can get my grandmother to do Familytreedna's Populationfinder(the most advanced autosomal test right now)and we can say more definitively whether her Ancestrybydna results were a mistake or not.The reason why we did Ancestrybydna is because we won the tests in a contest,otherwise we wouldn't have done it because we know the Ancestrybydna is an outdated and the most flawed admixture test.I would not be surprised if sometime not too long from now the DNA Diagnostics Center pulls the plug on and ends the Ancestrybydna and puts it to rest.Sometime either late yesterday or earlier today the Ancestrybydna Facebook page went out(the Facebook page was on yesterday but the Ancestrybydna website is still on.But they still have the price of $195 though they said it would be at that price until the end of May,it's July 7 now) So maybe the Ancestrybydna is dead now. If it is,R.I.P.

Email address (To use delete '-Saturday-' and add @ sign in that position): nthnparker820-Saturday-gmail.com

Guest: L.A.G.
Date-Time: Saturday, June 30, 2012 at 04:03:34 (CDT)
My Expected Results for IE,EA,NA,SSAF Population Groups: 50 IE, 10 EA, 0 NA, 40 SSAF
My Actual DNAPrint Results for IE,EA,NA,SSAF Population Groups: 33 IE, 0 EA, 26 NA, 41 SSAF
DNAPrint Test and/or Euro add-on Test Version Number: 2.5
Date DNAPrint Test and/or Euro add-on Test Was Ordered: July 2011
Comments: I was very surprised that East Asian was 0% as in family lore my great grandmother was half Chinese. Never thought I had any Native American and very surprised that it was 26%. Although my father is originally from Venezuela. Mother was African American so 41% African was not such a shock. Overall pleased with my ancestry results.

Email address (To use delete '-Saturday-' and add @ sign in that position): luis6727-Saturday-att.net

Guest: Eric Lynn Smith
Date-Time: Sunday, April 01, 2012 at 18:45:53 (CDT)
My Expected Results for IE,EA,NA,SSAF Population Groups: 100% Indo European
My Actual DNAPrint Results for IE,EA,NA,SSAF Population Groups: 95.79 IE, 4.21 EA
DNAPrint Test and/or Euro add-on Test Version Number: Euro1
Date DNAPrint Test and/or Euro add-on Test Was Ordered: 28Dec 2011
Comments: Never expected Indian results how can that happen?

Email address (To use delete '-Sunday-' and add @ sign in that position): moutseric-Sunday-gmail.com

Guest: Carrie
Date-Time: Sunday, May 15, 2011 at 17:59:16 (CDT)
My Expected Results for IE,EA,NA,SSAF Population Groups: 75,0,14,11
My Actual DNAPrint Results for IE,EA,NA,SSAF Population Groups: 74,0,19,7
DNAPrint Test and/or Euro add-on Test Version Number: 2.5
Date DNAPrint Test and/or Euro add-on Test Was Ordered: 1 April 2011
Comments: I was surprized how much NA and how low the SSAF, as my twin sister and I are very light skined w/freckles, and aqua colored eyes but have more of the African American features. But on the other hand we both have the shovel teeth, so pleased with the results. Just ordered the test for mothers side, as that is where we think these features come from, we are adopted, but within the family, so anxious to find out if I'm right. Carrie

Email address (To use delete '-Sunday-' and add @ sign in that position): Carrie.clkcreations-Sunday-gmail.com

Guest: Franklin Nelson Horton
Date-Time: Sunday, March 13, 2011 at 21:25:03 (CDT)
My Expected Results for IE,EA,NA,SSAF Population Groups: European
My Actual DNAPrint Results for IE,EA,NA,SSAF Population Groups: 100% IE
DNAPrint Test and/or Euro add-on Test Version Number: 2/2.5
Date DNAPrint Test and/or Euro add-on Test Was Ordered: 2005
Comments: "y" R1B1a2a1a1b4 mtDNA H2a2b1 DNA Print Results-Can't remember the date but it was done by FTDNA. #958 - GG#960 - CC#961 - GG#963 - GC#964 - CC#966 - GG#969 - TT#970 - CC#971 - TT#972 - CC#973 - TC#976 - CC#977 - TC#978 - TT#979 - TC#980 - TT#993 - TT#1000 - TT#1015 - TC#1022 - CC#1029 - AA#1033 - GA#1034 - AA#1035 - GA#1036 - AA#1040 - AA#1041 - GA#1043 - AA#1044 - GG#1047 - GG#1048 - GG#1049 - GA#1050 - GA#1051 - AA#1053 - AA#1055 - GA#1056 - GG#1057 - GG#1058 - GG#1060 - GG#1062 - AA#1064 - GG#1066 - GG#1068 - AA#1071 - GA#1073 - AA#1075 - AA#1076 - FL#1077 - GG#1081 - AA#1082 - GG#1083 - AA#1084 - AA#1087 - AA#1111 - TT#1113 - TT#1116 - TC#1117 - TT#1120 - TT#1121 - TT#1122 - TC#1124 - TT#1128 - AA#1130 - GG#1136 - AA#1137 - GG#1138 - GA#1139 - GA#1140 - GG#1141 - AA#1146 - AA

Email address (To use delete '-Sunday-' and add @ sign in that position): BushBar-Sunday-aol.com

Guest: Raymond Whritenour
Date-Time: Sunday, August 01, 2010 at 21:15:27 (CDT)
My Expected Results for IE,EA,NA,SSAF Population Groups: 84, 3, 13, 0
My Actual DNAPrint Results for IE,EA,NA,SSAF Population Groups: 81, 0, 12, 7
DNAPrint Test and/or Euro add-on Test Version Number: 2.5
Date DNAPrint Test and/or Euro add-on Test Was Ordered: 23 Jun 2010
Comments: I took the AncestrybyDNA biogeographical 2.0 test of DNAPrint genomics, Inc., in April of 2003. (I was the third person to enter my results on this log, in May, 2003.) My results were 84% "Indo-European," 13% "Native American," 3% "East Asian" and 0% Sub-Saharan African. That test used 71 ancesty informative markers (all SNP's). This month (July, 2010), I took the AncestrybyDNA 2.5 test, now owned by DNA Diagnostics Center, which uses 176 ancestry informative markers (all SNP's). My results are 81% "European," 12% "Indigenous American," 7% "Sub-Saharan African" and 0% "East Asian." This company gives no triangle plots, but, a bar graph which shows just one confidence interval--that for "the 2-fold likelihood range (0.3 Log base 10) of the MLE" (maximum likeliehood estimate). This is the same as that first (black) confidence contour shown on the triangle plots of yore. DDC calls this "a 98% confidence level"! The increased markers did tighten up this confidence interval, for me. My "Native American" MLE of 13%, on the 2.0 test, had a twofold confidence interval of plus or minus 17%. My "Indigenous American" MLE of 12%, on the 2.5 test, has a twofold confidence interval of plus or minus 9%. (The "European" range is plus or minus 10%, on an 81% MLE, and the "Sub-Saharan African" range is plus or minus 7%, on an MLE of 7%.) I don't know if this brings me any closer to establishing my purported American Indian ancestry, but, given the snail's pace progress in BGA testing, coupled with my body's insistence on getting older and older, I thought I'd give this test another try. At the very least, it did tighten up the confidence intervals--giving me a little more confidence in the family's assertion.

Email address (To use delete '-Sunday-' and add @ sign in that position): N977-Sunday-msn.com

Guest: Margaret B. (mother of Rachel B)
Date-Time: Saturday, July 03, 2010 at 16:45:41 (CDT)
My Expected Results for IE,EA,NA,SSAF Population Groups: IE 85% EA 0% NA 15% SSAF 0%
My Actual DNAPrint Results for IE,EA,NA,SSAF Population Groups: IE 84% EA 0% NA 13% SSAF 3%
DNAPrint Test and/or Euro add-on Test Version Number: 2.5
Date DNAPrint Test and/or Euro add-on Test Was Ordered: April 2010
Comments: I used Ancestry by DNA's test and am happy with the results. I'm a little surprised about the African DNA but know that it is possible considering the Native American ancestry I have and that slaves would sometimes blend in with the tribes. Overall, my results are consistent with my daughter's and I'm pleased.

Email address (To use delete '-Saturday-' and add @ sign in that position): krckt2003-Saturday-yahoo.com

Guest: Rachel B.
Date-Time: Saturday, July 03, 2010 at 16:41:56 (CDT)
My Expected Results for IE,EA,NA,SSAF Population Groups: IE 95% EA 0% NA 5% SSAF 0%
My Actual DNAPrint Results for IE,EA,NA,SSAF Population Groups: IE 94% EA 0% NA 6% SSAF 0%
DNAPrint Test and/or Euro add-on Test Version Number: 2.5
Date DNAPrint Test and/or Euro add-on Test Was Ordered: March 2010
Comments: I have known Native American ancestry although it is quite distant. This is about what I expected my results to be. I am very happy to see my DNA follows what my paper trail confirms.

Email address (To use delete '-Saturday-' and add @ sign in that position): krckt2003-Saturday-yahoo.com

Guest: Ciara Jones
Date-Time: Sunday, June 06, 2010 at 01:32:33 (CDT)
My Expected Results for IE,EA,NA,SSAF Population Groups: European,Asian,native American,African expected 30,0,10,60
My Actual DNAPrint Results for IE,EA,NA,SSAF Population Groups: EUROPEAN,ASIAN,NA,AFRICAN RESULTS WERE 34,15,0,51
DNAPrint Test and/or Euro add-on Test Version Number: 23&me
Date DNAPrint Test and/or Euro add-on Test Was Ordered: 25 may 2010
Comments: i DID A TEST ON MY DAUGHTER A COUPLE OF YEARS AGO DIDN'T HAVE HALF THE AMOUNT OF MARKERS THAT THIS TEST HAS.

Email address (To use delete '-Sunday-' and add @ sign in that position): Reborn2h2o-Sunday-aol.com

Guest: Allen Jones
Date-Time: Thursday, April 29, 2010
My Expected Results for IE,EA,NA,SSAF Population Groups: IE,EA,NA,SSAF EXPECTATIONS WERE 20,0,10,70
My Actual DNAPrint Results for IE,EA,NA,SSAF Population Groups: IE,EA,NA,SSAF RESULTS WERE 34,10,0,56
DNAPrint Test and/or Euro add-on Test Version Number: 23&me
Date DNAPrint Test and/or Euro add-on Test Was Ordered: april 2010
Comments: SURNAMES BARNETT,CHILDS,JONES,HENRIES,VA,NC,TENN,

Email address (To use delete '--' and add @ sign in that position): Reborn2h2o--aol.com

Guest: Cieko Jones
Date-Time: Thursday, April 8, 2010
My Expected Results for IE,EA,NA,SSAF Population Groups: indo european-20 asian-4 native american-8 african 76
My Actual DNAPrint Results for IE,EA,NA,SSAF Population Groups: european-30 asian-10 na-0 ssaf-60
DNAPrint Test and/or Euro add-on Test Version Number: 23and
Date DNAPrint Test and/or Euro add-on Test Was Ordered: 03-20-2010
Comments: mtdna is L3e2b has recently been changed to L3e2a and y is E1b1a7a3a

Email address (To use delete '--' and add @ sign in that position): Reborn2h2o--aol.com

Guest: Jennie
Date-Time: Tuesday, November 17, 2009 at 09:11:40 (CST)
My Expected Results for IE,EA,NA,SSAF Population Groups: IE79%, SSAF0%, EA11%, NA10%
My Actual DNAPrint Results for IE,EA,NA,SSAF Population Groups: 79%, 0%, 11%, 10%
DNAPrint Test and/or Euro add-on Test Version Number: 2.5
Date DNAPrint Test and/or Euro add-on Test Was Ordered: May 28 2004
Comments: Mt-DNA H-3 YDNA-J-2

Email address (To use delete '-Tuesday-' and add @ sign in that position): rabanito-Tuesday-netzero.com

Guest: Gerri
Date-Time: Tuesday, August 25, 2009 at 18:16:28 (CDT)
My Expected Results for IE,EA,NA,SSAF Population Groups: 20, 0, 0, 80
My Actual DNAPrint Results for IE,EA,NA,SSAF Population Groups: 8, 11, 0, 81
DNAPrint Test and/or Euro add-on Test Version Number: 2.5
Date DNAPrint Test and/or Euro add-on Test Was Ordered: June 2008
Comments: The results were very close to what I expected, as I physically resemble an average African-American (the average AA is 80% SSA & 20% IE). However, I was totally shocked about having NA ancestry. However, looking back there were clues, such as my mother's nose and my grandfather's eyes (and the fact that he said his grandmother was Cherokee!).

Email address (To use delete '-Tuesday-' and add @ sign in that position): aeon_08-Tuesday-hotmail.com

Guest: Irene Reaves-Degnen
Date-Time: Sunday, July 12, 2009 at 10:55:33 (CDT)
My Expected Results for IE,EA,NA,SSAF Population Groups: IE 82-88%, NA 12-18%, EA 0%, SSAF 0%
My Actual DNAPrint Results for IE,EA,NA,SSAF Population Groups: IE 82%, NA 18%, EA 0%, SSAF 0%
DNAPrint Test and/or Euro add-on Test Version Number: 2.0
Date DNAPrint Test and/or Euro add-on Test Was Ordered: 25 september 2003
Comments: As a female (born in 1920) I only have the mtDNA test results which is European (Irish). My father's paternal great grandmother (born in 1822) was Cherokee Indian from North Carolina. My mother's paternal grandfather (born in 1840) was Mohegan-Pequot Indian from Connecticut.

Email address (To use delete '-Sunday-' and add @ sign in that position): r.f.degnen-Sunday-worldnet.att.net

Guest: DEWDDS
Date-Time: Thursday, February 26, 2009 at 22:04:53 (CST)
My Expected Results for IE,EA,NA,SSAF Population Groups: 99, 0, 1, 0
My Actual DNAPrint Results for IE,EA,NA,SSAF Population Groups: 97, 0, 0, 3
DNAPrint Test and/or Euro add-on Test Version Number: 2.5
Date DNAPrint Test and/or Euro add-on Test Was Ordered: October 2005
Comments: The results of 2.5 testing were very surprising. Oral history on my mother's side (primarily Dutch and English) speaks of Oneida Indian from long ago (150+ yrs), but it seems possible this may have been a person of African descent instead. I am planning to get my mother and her two sisters tested to see if my hypothesis holds up. My Euro-DNA 1.0 test results: NE 77%, SE 14%, ME 5%, SA 4%. As my father's side is German, Welsh, and Irish, I am not sure about the low levels of ME/SA admixture, unless these are ancient signals carried along for the ride in earlier migrations. Y-DNA: R1a. This was a mildly surprising (I was guessing R1b), but not unexpected, as my father's line traces back to a Bavarian village near the Czech border. mtDNA: H (subclade pending)

Email address (To use delete '-Thursday-' and add @ sign in that position): davey6116-Thursday-comcast.net

Guest:


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Attention Visiting Data Miners: Please credit your sources.
Copyright 2003-2008 Charles F. Kerchner, Jr
All rights reserved
Created: 5 May 2003
Revised: 8 Mar 2008