Kerchner Surname Y-DNA Project Success Stories

Proved that immigrants
Adam Kerchner and Frederick Kerchner who arrived
in Pennsylvania in 1741 and 1751 respectively were related.
Kit #577 represented Adam Kerchner clan and Kit #581 represented the Frederick Kerchner clan.
by: Charles F. Kerchner, Jr., P.E. and GGP (Genetic Genealogy Pioneer)



Kerchner's DNA Testing and Genetic Genealogy Information and Resources Help Page


Strategy and Course of Action to Using Y-DNA Testing to Solve the Puzzle and Successes To-Date
Project Started: February 2001 -- Last Updated: 18 January 2008

Early Disappointment: Kit #577 only matched Kit #581 at 10 of 12 Markers.
The Kerchner Surname Y-DNA Project was started to try and prove the surmise from traditional research that immigrants Adam Kerchner, who arrived in colonial Pennsylvania in 1741, and Frederick Kerchner, who arrived in colonial Pennsylvania in 1751, were probably related. And then ultimately to find the Kerchner male line in Germany we are related to and descended from, since traditional genealogical efforts to do that had run into a brick wall years ago. Unfortunately for us the initial 12 marker test yielded only a 10 out of 12 markers match. Given the knowledge base of this new Genetic Genealogy approach to helping solve traditional genealogy road blocks back in 2001 it was very disappointing because given the guidance from the test labs back in early 2001, it was assumed with that much of a mismatch on 12 markers that the two clans were probably not related within a time frame of genealogically relevant interest. Again based on the scientific data, evidence, and rules available in 2001 as to how to interpret results for males who shared the same surname but whose haplotype did not match 12/12 or 11/12 the testing company said our two lines were probably not recently related. And even today for most people a 10/12 close match with the 12 marker test ultimately indicates a non-relationship. But not one to give up easily since the traditional evidence hinting at a relationship between these two lines was urging me on, and being very interested in this new DNA testing tool to aide traditional genealogy research, I continued on with the project as the science progressed and the number of markers available to test increased and you will see later that we ultimately achieved a very positive result and success as the project evolved and we were able to establish a genetic genealogy link between these clans using DNA testing. That success, a 35/37 match between the two clans is ultimately described in Success Story #7 below. The initial 10/12 non-match is called in today's genetic genealogy lingo, a false-negative.


Success Story Step #1: The next step in the process, since the early participants did not match exactly, was to validate the haplotypes of the different early participants to be sure our respective haplotypes were indicative of our respective recent branches of the various descent branches. Thus my first success story in the Kerchner Surname Genetic Genealogy Project saga - I validated and confirmed the haplotype pattern for the Kerchner family of Macungie Twsp, Lehigh Co PA.
Verification was done by testing two second cousins who were known descendants of the 1741 immigrant to Pennsylvania named Adam Kerchner who settled in Berks Co PA which abuts Macungie Twsp, Lehigh Co PA. This particular branch of Adam's descendants remained near the original immigrant's homestead and settled nearby in the environs of Macungie Township, Lehigh County, Pennsylvania. Results for Kit #577 and Kit #784, who were second cousins of each other, exactly matched each other as was expected by their known close genealogical relationship. This provided a validated haplotype for this group of Kerchners to be used for comparison to other Adam Kerchner descendant clans who long ago left the local area. The local Lehigh Co PA Kerchners, via traditional genealogical research using local estate, land, church, and cemetery records were proven descendants of the 1741 immigrant to Berks Co PA, Adam Kerchner. The immigrant Adam Kerchner had only one known son who was named Frederick Kerchner, who in turn had four sons. This Macungie Township, Lehigh County PA, Kerchner haplotype became the initial reference haplotype for the other branches brought into the project until such time as I had enough information to deduce the what is now known as the Ancestral/Original Haplotype for Frederick Kerchner, the most recent common ancestor (MRCA) of the various descendant branches. As I said Frederick Kerchner was the only known son of Adam Kerchner. Thus, while a mutational difference could exist between Frederick and his father Adam, it is most probably true that the deduced Ancestral Haplotype of Frederick Kerchner is also the haplotype of Adam Kerchner, the immigrant. Later testing in the year of 2006 of a third cousin, kit 51661, further validated the haplotype of this Kerchner group although this third cousin had a one step mutation difference from kits 577 and 784 at marker DYS439.


Success Story Step #2: Confirmed that a small Kershner group were really Kerchner descendants.
Kit #4085 had strong traditional genealogical evidence indicating that even though that descendant branch spelled their surname name with an S, they were probably descendants of 1741 immigrant Adam Kerchner. Their oral history reported that their descendant branch changed the spelling of their surname from Kerchner to Kershner as they moved west out of Pennsylvania. Research note: We must be careful with the Kershner surname spelling. There is a large group of Kershner decendants in the USA who are not related to the immigrant Adam Kerchner since Kerchner and Kershner are indeed two different German surnames although mispelling in records often confuses the two family groups. But in this case this small group of Kershners are instead Kerchners. The Y-DNA results proved this small group of Kershners were indeed descendants of the 1741 immigrant Adam Kerchner since the results for #4085 exactly matched for 25 out of 25 markers the results of #577 and #784.


Success Story Step #3: Validated and confirmed the haplotype pattern for the Karchner family of Sandusky Co Ohio.
Verification was done by testing two first cousins once removed who were known to be related members of the Karchner descendant branch in Ohio. Results for Kit #816 and Kit #8335 exactly matched each other as was expected by their known close genealogical relationship. This provided a validated reference haplotype for this group of Karchners.


Success Story Step #4: Confirmed that the group of Karchner family in OH are descendants of the 1741 immigrant to Pennsylvania, Adam Kerchner.
Kit #816 had strong traditional genealogical evidence that they are decendants of Adam Kerchner even though their branch changed the spelling of the surname to Karchner. Since the validated haplotype results for #816 and #8335 of the OH Karchner clan matched 12 out of 12 for the low resolution 12 marker test and later #816 and #8335 matched for 24 out of 25 markers in the higher resolution test to the validated haplotype results for kits #577 and #784 of the Macungie Twsp, Lehigh Co PA Kerchner clan, the genetic tests verified that they shared a recent common male ancestor which confirmed the traditional genealogical research evidence.


Success Story Step #5: Validated and confirmed traditional genealogy research for various descendant lines of 1741 immigrant Adam Kerchner.
Kits #577, #784, #816, #4085, #5726, and #8335 in the tables have an exact 12 marker match which when added to the fact that these individuals have the same or similar surnames indicates with 99% probability that they have a recent common male ancestor. Subsequent enhanced testing of an additional 13 markers further confirmed their very close genetic relationship. In addition the enhanced test results for Kits #2953 and #2998 confirmed the traditional genealogical research showing them to be descendants of the immigrant Adam Kerchner. Thus the genetic tests have totally confirmed the prior traditional genealogical research for individuals submitting Kits #577, #784, #816, #2953, #2998, #4085, #5726, and #8335 who by prior traditional genealogical research, were shown to be related and were descendants of the 1741 immigrant to Berks Co Pennsylvania, Adam Kerchner.


Success Story Step #6: Validated and confirmed the haplotype pattern for the Karriger/Kariger descendant group.
Verification was done by testing two distantly related descendant members of the Karriger/Kariger descendant branch in the MI and IN area. Results for Kit #581 and Kit #8670 exactly matched each other as was predicted by traditional genealogical research. As verified by success story step number seven these Karriger and Kariger descendants of the 1751 immigrant Frederick Kerchner have also been genetically linked to the descendants of the 1741 immigrant Adam Kerchner.


Success Story Step #7 - Goal Achieved: Proved that immigrants ADAM1 and FREDK indeed were probably related.
Kits #577 (a descendant of ADAM1) and #581 (a descendant of FREDK) at first only matched for 10 out of 12 markers in the initial 12 marker low resolution test. The 12 marker test was the best test available in 2001. Therefore at first we didn't think the Y-DNA testing yielded a positive result based on the data available for interpreting results with this new Genetic Genealogy tool in 2001. But with the new enhanced/refined higher resolution tests introduced in 2002 the two clans matched at 23 out of 25 and then ultimately matched for 33 out of 35 markers upon completion of additional Y-DNA testing using data merged from several independent laboratories. This clan also has a 35/37 match with the Ancestral Haplotype of the only son of the immigrant Adam Kerchner. This indicates that they probably do share a recent common ancestor who probably lived about 300-360 years ago. The immigrants statistically were probably uncle and nephew or 1st, 2nd, or 3rd cousins. This would correlate with them having the same surname, settling in the same area, but not having any known church baptism and/or legal records of close interaction between the two immigrant families, as usually would occur if they had been brothers. Or maybe if they were brothers they just did not get along with each other. But likely these two immigrants were probably not brothers based on the relationship observed in Pennsylvania but were a little more distant relatives, such as 2nd cousins. But most likely these two immigrants came from the same village or "county" in Germany. The genetics data definitely shows a recent common male ancestor for these two immigrants in a time frame of interest to us genealogists. See the Phylogenetic Network Diagram below which shows how the members of the ADAM1 branch represented by K577, K816, and K2853 tie together with the members of the FREDK branch represented by K581.

[Phylo Chart]


Success Story - continued Step #8. Determined the 37 Marker Ancestral Haplotype marker pattern for Frederick Kerchner, only known son of 1741 immigrant Adam Kerchner.
By comparing the various haplotype patterns for known 5th cousins it was determined that the 25 marker haplotype for kit #577 is most likely the original 25 marker haplotype for Frederick Kerchner, the only known son of the 1741 immigrant Adam Kerchner, since another direct descendant of a different son of Frederick Kerchner shared the exact same haplotype results to 25 markers of resolution, i.e., kits #577 and #4085 test results matched exactly. Descendants of other sons of Frederick have slightly different, minor variations in their haplotypes which are probably due to natural changes in their descendant branch lines over time. Since kit #577 and #4085, who are 5th cousins of each other, have the exact same 25 marker haplotype, and are descendants of two different sons of Frederick Kerchner, this indicates that their 25 marker haplotype pattern is the 25 marker haplotype of Frederick Kerchner, the only known son of the immigrant Adam Kerchner. Test results for the new 37 marker test indicates that Kit #4085 carries the 37 marker Ancestral Haplotype which was deduced by a logical analysis method now known as Triangulation, for Frederick Kerchner, the only known son of the immigrant Adam Kerchner. Interestingly, the family branch which moved west and changed their surname spelling sometime after the Civil War, is the one which retains the original ancestral haplotype for the Kerchner family line. The family oral history always told them they were Kerchners, and that their name spelling got changed somehow over the generations as their branch moved west, and now the DNA evidence has proved it.


Success Story - continued Step #9. Determined the 67 Marker Ancestral Haplotype marker pattern for Frederick Kerchner, only known son of 1741 immigrant Adam Kerchner.



FamilyTreeDNA.com Y-DNA Results
DYS Locus Allele Values/DYS Marker STR "Repeats" Numbers
Results from Initial 12 DYS Loci/Markers

 

 

 

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

 

Kit#

Participant's
Surname
Spelling
& Geographic
Locale of
Participant

Immigrant Ancestor
per Research
and Henry Number

DYS

393

DYS

390

DYS

394
aka 19

DYS

391

DYS

385a


FMM

DYS

385b


FMM

DYS

426

DYS

388

DYS

439


FMM

DYS

389-1

DYS

392

DYS

389-2

Haplogroup
or closest
Suggested
Haplogroup

581

Karriger
Michigan

FREDK1
14A25111

13

24

14

11

11

15

12

12

12

13

13

28

R1b
Suggested

8670

Kariger
Indiana

FREDK1
14A23234

13

24

14

11

11

15

12

12

12

13

13

28

R1b
Suggested

577

Kerchner
Pennsylvania

ADAM1
11221782

13

24

14

11

11

16

12

12

12

13

13

29

R1b1 Confirmed
P25 SNP Test

21349

Kerchner
Pennsylvania

ADAM1
11221783

13

24

14

11

11

16

12

12

12

13

13

29

R1b1
Suggested

784

Kerchner
Pennsylvania

ADAM1
112216A1

13

24

14

11

11

16

12

12

12

13

13

29

R1b1
Suggested

51661

Kerchner
Texas

ADAM1
11227222

13

24

14

11

11

16

12

12

11

13

13

29

R1b1
Suggested

4085

Kershner
Oregon

ADAM1
1116584

13

24

14

11

11

16

12

12

12

13

13

29

R1b1
Suggested

816

Karchner
Ohio

ADAM1
11528111

13

24

14

11

11

16

12

12

12

13

13

29

R1b1
Suggested

8335

Karchner
Ohio

ADAM1
1152841

13

24

14

11

11

16

12

12

12

13

13

29

R1b1
Suggested

5726

Kerchner
California

ADAM1
11185312

13

24

14

11

11

16

12

12

12

13

13

29

R1b1
Suggested

2953

Kerchner
Virginia

ADAM1
11184161

13

25

14

11

11

16

12

12

12

13

13

29

R1b1
Suggested

2998

Kerchner
Massachusetts

ADAM1
11184115

13

25

14

11

11

16

12

12

12

13

13

29

R1b1
Suggested

3074

Kerchner
Oklahoma

ADAM1
11171221
See Note 2

14

22

14

10

13

14

11

15

11

12

11

28

I
Suggested


FamilyTreeDNA.com Upgraded/Refined PP3 Marker Suite Results
Results of 13 Additional DYS Loci/Markers

 

 

 

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

Kit#

Participant's
Surname
Spelling
& Geographic
Locale of
Participant

Immigrant Ancestor
per Research
and Henry Number

DYS

458


FMM

DYS

459a


FMM

DYS

459b


FMM

DYS

455

DYS

454

DYS

447

DYS

437

DYS

448

DYS

449


FMM

DYS

464a


FMM

DYS

464b


FMM

DYS

464c


FMM

DYS

464d


FMM

581

Karriger
Michigan

FREDK1
14A25111

17

8

10

11

11

26

15

19

30

15

15

16

16

8670

Kariger
Indiana

FREDK1
14A23234

17

8

10

11

11

26

15

19

30

15

15

16

16

577

Kerchner
Pennsylvania

ADAM1
11221782

17

8

10

11

11

26

15

19

30

15

15

16

16

21349

Kerchner
Pennsylvania

ADAM1
11221783

17

8

10

11

11

26

15

19

30

15

15

16

16

784

Kerchner
Pennsylvania

ADAM1
112216A1

17

8

10

11

11

26

15

19

30

15

15

16

16

51661

Kerchner
Texas

ADAM1
11227222

17

8

10

11

11

26

15

19

30

15

15

16

16

4085

Kershner
Oregon

ADAM1
1116584

17

8

10

11

11

26

15

19

30

15

15

16

16

816

Karchner
Ohio

ADAM1
11528111

17

8

10

11

11

26

15

19

31

15

15

16

16

8335

Karchner
Ohio

ADAM1
1152841

17

8

10

11

11

26

15

19

31

15

15

16

16

5726

Kerchner
California

ADAM1
11185312

17

8

10

11

11

26

15

19

30

15

15

16

16

2953

Kerchner
Virginia

ADAM1
11184161

17

8

10

11

11

26

15

19

31

15

15

16

16

2998

Kerchner
Massachusetts

ADAM1
11184115

17

8

10

11

11

26

15

19

31

15

15

16

16

3074

Kerchner
Oklahoma

ADAM1
11171221
See Note 2

14

8

9

8

11

23

16

20

28

12

14

15

16


FamilyTreeDNA.com Upgraded/Refined PP5 Marker Suite Results
Results of 12 Additional DYS Loci/Markers

 

 

 

26

27

28

29

30

31

32

33

34

35

36

37

Kit#

Participant's
Surname
Spelling
& Geographic
Locale of
Participant

Immigrant Ancestor
per Research
and Henry Number

DYS

460



DYS

GATA
H4


DYS

CA
IIa


DYS

CA
IIb

DYS

456

DYS

607

DYS

576


FMM

DYS

570


FMM

DYS

CDYa


FMM

DYS

CDYb


FMM

DYS

442

DYS

438

581

Karriger
Michigan

FREDK1
14A25111

11

11

19

22

16

15

17

17

36

37

12

12

8670

Kariger
Indiana

FREDK1
14A23234

11

11

19

22

16

15

17

17

36

37

12

12

577

Kerchner
Pennsylvania

ADAM1
11221782

11

11

19

22

16

15

18

17

36

37

12

12

21349

Kerchner
Pennsylvania

ADAM1
11221783

11

11

19

22

16

15

18

17

36

37

12

12

784

Kerchner
Pennsylvania

ADAM1
112216A1

11

11

19

22

16

15

18

17

36

37

12

12

51661

Kerchner
Texas

ADAM1
11227222

11

11

19

22

16

15

18

17

36

37

12

12

4085

Kershner
Oregon

ADAM1
1116584

11

11

19

22

16

15

17

17

36

37

12

12

816

Karchner
Ohio

ADAM1
11528111

11

11

19

22

16

15

17

17

36

37

12

12

8335

Karchner
Ohio

ADAM1
1152841

11

11

19

22

16

15

17

17

36

37

12

12

5726

Kerchner
California

ADAM1
11185312

11

10

19

22

16

15

17

17

36

37

12

12

2953

Kerchner
Virginia

ADAM1
11184161

11

11

19

22

16

15

17

17

36

38

12

12

2998

Kerchner
Massachusetts

ADAM1
11184115

11

11

19

22

16

15

17

17

35

37

12

12

3074

Kerchner
Oklahoma

ADAM1
11171221
See Note 2

10

10

19

21

15

14

16

19

35

39

12

10


Notes:
1. Cells with dashes in them, if any, indicates we are still awaiting test results or they were not tested for that marker.
2. Genetic test results for this participant did not match expected results of prior historical genealogical research evidence.
3. TBD = To Be Determined.
4. FMM = Faster Moving Marker per FamilyTreeDNA.
5. Allele values for markers DYS 464 a-d adjusted down by count of one each on 19 May 2003 due to lab nomenclature change for those markers.




Combined 37 Marker Haplotype Test Results Table for Kerchner Success Story Page

Combined 67 Marker Haplotype Test Results Table for Kerchner Success Story Page




Benefits of Participation

Some benefits of participation are:
1. You identify the genetic genealogy profile of your male family line.
2. You may identify your roots when traditional documentary genealogical research methods have failed.
3. Your results may identify information offering clues of where to focus and pursue additional traditional documentary genealogical research.
4. You may be able to verify once and for all that your traditional documentary genealogical work is accurate and scientifically verified.
5. You may get clues or help others get clues as to the village of origin in Europe of their immigrant ancestor.
6. If you live in Europe with a similar surname to one of our current participants you may find descendants and cousins living in the USA you did not know you had.
7. Your DNA will be preserved for the future at no additional cost. Thus, you leave something for posterity for use by future members of your family. This is especially important for older members of a family, especially if that older person is the last surviving male member of the family. Note: if that elderly person cannot afford the test another family member can sponsor and pay for the test.
8. You may identify new genetic cousins you did not know you even had.
9. You will be joining the ranks of the select few early Genetics and Genealogy Pioneers and will have the satisfaction of knowing that you are an early participant in a state-of-the-art project which is contributing to the world knowledge base for this new and exciting field, genealogy by genetics.
10. By donating a DNA sample now for posterity, your descendants won't have to dig you up later. :-)

To get your sample collection kit at substantially reduced cost, place your order through me as the Kerchner Group Coordinator and you will get the substantially discounted group rate price. When you are ready to order your kit, email me and let me know your complete name and postal mail address, and telephone number, and that you want to submit a sample and order a kit and I will place your order and get you the discounted price. You will receive your invoice directly from FamilyTreeDNA.com with your sample collection kit. As of January 2014 the Kerchner group discounted net prices are about $169 for the 37 Marker Y-DNA Testing Kit. The YDNA 37 marker test is the recommended test for new participants since it provides the desired genetic genealogy detail needed for this project. As you can see these prices within the group are substantially better than ordering directly from the testing company individually. For existing participants who wish to upgrade their results from the 12 marker test to the newer 37 marker test, the cost for Kerchner group members is about $99. Any questions, please contact me and I will be happy to try and answer your questions.

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Charles F. Kerchner, Jr.
3765 Chris Drive
Emmaus PA 18049-1544 USA
Email: Contact Me


Copyright ©2001-2014
Charles F. Kerchner, Jr.
All Rights Reserved
Project Started - Feb 2001
Page Created - 10 Mar 2003
Last Revised - 26 Jan 2014