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Delong / Delanghe / Delange
and Similar Spelled or Sounding Surnames
Genetic Genealogy Y-DNA Surname Project

(Primarily Soundex Code D452)

Especially seeking Delange and Delanghe participants in Europe



Filename:   delongdna.htm

Internet:   http://www.kerchner.com/delong/delongdna.htm

Key Dates:  Project Started:              8 Mar 2004
            Webpage Created:              9 Mar 2004
            Last Updated:                 3 Sep 2006

By:         Charles F. Kerchner, Jr.
            3765 Chris Drive
            Emmaus PA 18049-1544 USA

Notice:     Copyright 2004-2006 Charles F. Kerchner, Jr. All Rights Reserved.
            Establishing links to this page is encouraged and permitted.
            But, reuse or reprinting it in it's entirety or in part in other
            websites, or in any other media or publication, without my
            permission, is not permitted. Printing a hard copy of this
            report for your own personal, non-commercial use is permitted.

Subj:       A project to determine the unique Y-DNA chromosome markers for
            various unlinked Delong/Delanghe and similar named family groups
            and to determine if these various descendants of various
            immigrants have one or more common male ancestors in Europe
            in the last 400-600 years and if possible to find their
            ancestral home villages or regions in Europe.

Keywords:   GENETICS GENEALOGY DNA Y CHROMOSOME ANCESTOR DELONG SURNAME PROJECT

Some early Delong progenitors:

PETER: Born about 1703 in Europe. Of French Huguenot origins. Emigrated to NY in early 1700's and then Pennsylvania in 1738.
WILLIAM: Born in 1818, location unknown. Died about 1895 in Texas.



Some spelling variations found in ancestry records of known descendants: Delong, Delonge, Delonghe, Delang, Delange, and Delanghe.


Learn more about using DNA to aide genealogical research.
Download My "Genetics & Genealogy - An Introduction" Report



The Beginning and Project Evolution

The Delong Y-DNA surname project was started in March 2004 in an effort to use the latest in Genetic Genealogy tools to investigate the relationship, if any, between the early Delong immigrants and to provide Y-DNA reference marker sets for each Delong clan to aide in placing various descendants into the proper Delong immigrant descendant clan. Since many of these early immigrants had same or similar names and also went by what we would now consider their middle names, researchers unfamiliar with early
PA Deutsch research should read this report on 18th Century PA German Naming Customs. You must be a Delong surnamed male or be sponsoring a Delong surnamed male in order to join this project since only males carry the Y chromosome.



Initial Test Results and Analysis

Test results for several participants have been received. See results below. I strongly encourage additional Delong surnamed males to volunteer to join this project especially Delong males of the Lehigh and Berks County PA clan and Delanghe males in Europe. Your contribution of a sample to this project for haplotyping will be very helpful to all present Delong genealogists and for future generations of Delong family researchers. This is a unique way that you can help the Delong genealogical efforts and leave a genealogical legacy to the future. While Delong females biologially cannot provide a Y-DNA sample because females do not have a Y chromosome they can sponsor and encourage their grandfather, great-uncle, father, uncle, brother, or a cousin to do so.

25 October 2005: The first 12 marker panel test results for the second Delong tested in this project were received for the second Delong tested in this project. His kit number is 43529. Unfortunately for this project there was no match to the first Delong tested, kit number 20256. In fact they are in two completely different haplogroups with the first person being in haplogroup G2 (SNP test verified)and the second person tested in the R1b1 haplogroup which is the largest YDNA haplogroup for people of European descent and particularly western Europe. In fact this second Delong tested has the Western Atlantic Modal Haplotype (WAMH) which is the most frequent, i.e., modal haplotype for the portion of the R1b haplogroup which is found in great number in western Europe where it borders the Atlantic. Thus kit 43529 is expected to have hundreds of 12 marker random matches with people of different surnames which he does. Even at 25 markers he will probably have random matches with people of different surnames. It was recommended to this second Delong that he order an upgrade to 37 markers to provide the necessary resolution to uniquely identify his male line and eliminate all or most all random matches with people of different surnames at that higher resolution. This is necessary for people who are WAMH in the R1b haplogroup. In addition I have recommended to Delong kit 20256 that he upgrade to 37 markers too. Both ordered the upgrades. See my
ZIP+4 Analogy report as to why it is important to have your haplotype defined at high resolution to 37 markers for maximum genealogy use. The question created by this initial total non-match is which haplotype (the set of numbers) is indicative of the immigrant Peter Delong haplotype and/or are their two or more Delong haplotypes and thus two or more Delong male lines in the USA. More Delongs will have to be tested to learn the answer to that question.

30 November 2005: The upgraded 37 marker haplotypes were received for Delong kits 20256 and 43529. The data tables below have been updated.

19 May 2005: Results for kit 55633 received. Mr. Long did not match any of the prior participants. He is in haplogroup R1b1 but a very different haplotype than 43529 who is also in R1b1. Thus they have no recent close genetic male relative.

1 Jun 2006: Results for kit 64207 received. He is in haplogroup E3b. Mr. de Long of TX did not match any of the prior participants.

3 Sep 2006: Kit 56428, Mr. Delong of TX joins the project. He is in haplogroup E3b. He has a near match to kit 64207 at 12 markers resolution. It has been recommended the kit 56428 be upgraded to 37 markers to get a 37 marker high resolution comparison.

Click here to see color coded "Y Results" groupings page.



First 12 Markers (low resolution) Test Results
Provides a low resolution haplotype and is used to define one's haplogroup.

FamilyTreeDNA.com Y-DNA Results
DYS Locus Allele Values/DYS Marker STR "Repeats" Numbers
Results from Initial 12 DYS Loci/Markers

 

 

 

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

 

Kit#

Participant's
Surname
Spelling
& Geographic
Locale of
Participant

Earliest Ancestor per
Research to Date

DYS

393

DYS

390

DYS

394
aka 19

DYS

391

DYS

385a

DYS

385b

DYS

426

DYS

388

DYS

439

DYS

389-1

DYS

392

DYS

389-2

Haplo-
group
or
closest
suggested
Haplo-
group

20256

Delong
Virginia

PETER

12

22

15

10

14

14

11

13

11

13

11

30

G2

Y-SNP Confirmed
P15+
M201+

43529

Delong
New York

Reuben born abt
1805 in Ulster Co NY

13

24

14

11

11

14

12

12

12

13

13

29

WAMH

R1b

55633

Long
Colorado

TBD

13

24

14

11

11

15

12

12

11

13

13

29

R1b1
Suggested

56428

DeLong
Texas

WILLIAM

13

24

13

10

18

18

11

12

10

12

10

29

E3b
Suggested

64207

de Long
Texas

TBD

13

24

13

10

18

18

11

12

10

12

10

30

E3b
Suggested

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Notes:
1. Cells with dashes in them, if any, indicates we are still awaiting test results.
2. Genetic test results for this participant did not match expected results of prior historical genealogical research evidence.
3. TBD = To Be Determined.


Additional 13 Marker (refined / high resolution) Y-DNA Test Results
Combined with the first 12 markers this provides a 25 marker haplotype.

Results in the following table for the refined Y-DNA test adding 13 more markers.

FamilyTreeDNA.com Upgraded/Refined Results
Results of 13 Additional DYS Loci/Markers

 

 

 

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

Kit#

Participant's
Surname
Spelling
& Geographic
Locale of
Participant

Earliest Ancestor per
Research to Date

DYS

458

DYS

459a

DYS

459b

DYS

455

DYS

454

DYS

447

DYS

437

DYS

448

DYS

449

DYS

464a

DYS

464b

DYS

464c

DYS

464d

20256

Delong
Virginia

PETER

17

9

9

11

11

23

16

21

30

12

13

13

14

43529

Delong
New York

Reuben born abt
1805 in Ulster Co NY

16

9

10

11

11

25

14

19

29

15

15

16

17

55633

Long
Colorado

TBD

17

9

10

11

11

24

15

19

31

15

15

16

17

56428

DeLong
Texas

WILLIAM

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

64207

de Long
Texas

TBD

14

9

9

11

11

27

14

20

32

15

16

17

17

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Notes:
1. Cells with dashes in them, if any, indicates we are still awaiting test results.
2. Genetic test results for this participant did not match expected results of prior historical genealogical research evidence.
3. TBD = To Be Determined. NT = Not Tested.
4. Allele values for markers DYS 464 a-d adjusted down by count of one each on 19 May 2003 due to lab nomenclature change for those markers.



Upgrade/Refinement to 37 Markers (High Resolution) PP5 Y-DNA Test Results

FamilyTreeDNA.com Upgraded/Refined (High Resolution) PP5 Marker Panel Results
Results of 12 Additional DYS Loci/Markers

 

 

 

26

27

28

29

30

31

32

33

34

35

36

37

Kit#

Participant's
Surname
Spelling and
Geographic
Locale of
Participant

Immigrant Ancestor
per Research
to Date

DYS

460



DYS

GATA
H4


DYS

CA
IIa


DYS

CA
IIb

DYS

456

DYS

607

DYS

576


FMM

DYS

570


FMM

DYS

CDYa


FMM

DYS

CDYb


FMM

DYS

442

DYS

438

20256

Delong
Virginia

PETER

10

11

20

20

15

13

16

18

37

39

11

10

43529

Delong
New York

Reuben born abt
1805 in Ulster Co NY

11

11

19

23

16

15

19

15

35

37

12

12

55633

Long
Colorado

TBD

11

11

19

23

15

15

16

20

34

37

12

12

56428

DeLong
Texas

WILLIAM

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

64207

de Long
Texas

TBD

10

10

19

21

14

12

17

20

33

36

11

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-


Notes:
1. Cells with dashes in them, if any, indicates we are still awaiting test results or they were not tested for that marker.
2. Genetic test results for this participant did not match expected results of prior historical genealogical research evidence.
3. TBD = To Be Determined.
4. FMM = Faster Moving Marker per FamilyTreeDNA.

Any male Delong or Delanghe or other phonetic spelling variations of this germanic surname(s) wishing to learn more about this project and/or possibly participating in this project, please feel free to
Contact Me.


How and Where Do You Order a Y-DNA Sample Collection Kit

You must be a Delong surnamed male or be sponsoring a Delong surnamed male in order to join this project since only males carry the Y chromosome. I selected
FamilyTreeDNA as the company to provide the testing services since they were the first company to my knowledge to specialize in DNA testing for genealogical purposes and also because they provided testing of the most markers for the least cost and other early project leaders spoke highly of their results. But as more testing companies entered this new industry, and since I am an engineer by education and experience I decided to also do my own quality control check by having my Y-DNA tested by another independent genetics testing company, Ancestry.com, which entered this field about a year after my project started. The allele value test results from Ancestry.com for the DYS markers which are used in common by FamilyTreeDNA's lab and Ancestry.com's lab matched exactly. This confirmed to my satisfaction that the quality and reliability of the STR allele values being obtained and reported by FamilyTreeDNA's lab were accuate and reliable. In addition to FamilyTreeDNA's lab results being completely accurate and reliable, the company personnel are very user friendly and easy to work with and communicate with, both by email and by telephone with a real live, knowledgeable person to answer your questions. You get an email notice of your results as soon as they are done as well as getting a written report and certificate with the results sent by postal mail. You also get email notices of other individuals in their database which you may have matched initially as well as in the future as more people are tested. FamilyTreeDNA also has an outstanding website which clearly displays your results and provides extensive information to be used in the interpretation of the results. FamilyTreeDNA also stores your DNA sample for 25 years at no additional charge at their lab for convenient use in future desired tests. Therefore, FamilyTreeDNA is my preferred and recommended organization for managing a Y-DNA surname project. And based on my experiences with both organizations, I also recommend FamilyTreeDNA as the best organization to choose for anyone considering starting a similar Y-DNA project of their own.

DNA samples are collected by yourself in your home using a simple inner cheek swab. It sort of works just like a tooth brush. No blood sample is required. Click here to see a sample test kit. Here is a photo journal of the sampling process demonstrated by Mr. Bob Dorsey who is part of another unrelated surname project. But it very nicely and humorously shows the process so I included the link here. Check it out. Also, to learn more about the DNA collection and lab processing procedures view this animated presentation provided by FamilyTreeDNA. You may also wish to review the various type tests which are available from the test laboratory, FamilyTreeDNA.com. The "25 Marker Y-DNA" kit is the recommended kit you need to order for participation in this project. The mininum kit for participation is the "12 Marker Y-DNA" kit, but it is not recommended, due to the much lower resolution as compared to using 25 markers. Review the various product kits and list prices. Discounts are available to participants in this project when the test kit is ordered through me as the project coordinator.

Contact Me And Join The Project



Benefits of Participation

Some benefits of participation are:
1. You identify the genetic genealogy profile of your male family line.
2. You may identify your roots when traditional documentary genealogical research methods have failed.
3. Your results may identify information offering clues of where to focus and pursue additional traditional documentary genealogical research.
4. You may be able to verify once and for all that your traditional documentary genealogical work is accurate and scientifically verified.
5. You may get clues or help others get clues as to the village of origin in Europe of their immigrant ancestor.
6. If you live in Europe with a similar surname to one of our current participants you may find descendants and cousins living in the USA you did not know you had.
7. Your DNA will be preserved for the future at no additional cost. Thus, you leave something for posterity for use by future members of your family. This is especially important for older members of a family, particularly if that older person is the last surviving male member of the family. Note: if that elderly person cannot afford the test another family member can sponsor and pay for the test.
8. You may identify new genetic cousins you did not know you had.
9. You will be joining the ranks of the select few early Genetics and Genealogy Pioneers and will have the satisfaction of knowing that you are an early participant in a state-of-the-art project which is contributing to the world knowledge base for this new and exciting field, genealogy by genetics.
10. By donating a DNA sample now for posterity, your descendants won't have to dig you up later. :-)

Click Here to See A Sample Y-DNA Test Results Certificate

To get your sample collection kit at substantially reduced cost, place your order through me as the Delong Group Coordinator and you will get the substantially discounted group rate price. When you are ready to order your kit, email me and let me know your complete name and postal mail address, and telephone number, and that you want to submit a sample and order a kit and I will place your order and get you the discounted price. You will receive your invoice directly from FamilyTreeDNA.com with your sample collection kit. As of Feb 2004 the Delong Group discounted net prices are: $169 for the 25 Marker Y-DNA Kit and $99 for the 12 Marker Y-DNA Kit. The higher resolution 25 marker test is the recommended test for new participants. As you can see the prices within the group are substantially better than ordering directly from the testing company individually. For participants previously tested who wish to upgrade their results from the 12 marker test to the new 25 marker high resolution test, the cost for Delong Group members is $90. Any questions, please contact me and I will be happy to try and answer your questions.

Contact Me And Join The Project


Genetic Genealogy Information Website Links

Kerchner's Genetic Genealogy and DNA Testing Information and Resources Page

Recommended Books


PA German Genealogy Research Help Pages

PA German Naming Customs
PA German Nicknames
PA Dutch Are Of German Heritage, Not Dutch
PA German Name Spelling Idiosyncrasies
Genealogy Research Tips
1812 Project
Laudenslager Genealogy


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Charles F. Kerchner, Jr.
3765 Chris Drive
Emmaus PA 18049-1544 USA
Email: Contact Me


Copyright © 2004-2007
Charles F. Kerchner, Jr.
All Rights Reserved
Project Started: 8 Mar 2004
Webpage Created: 9 Mar 2004
Last Revision: 20 Jun 2007